——以藏文论文为中心(1982—2014)

微信图片_20200212112118.jpg摄影:觉果

       摘要:文章以1982年以来30余年中,用藏文发表的有关敦煌藏文文献研究的论文为对象,就所涉及的相关领域进行分类梳理,作了简要的评述。在总结以往研究成果的基础上,展望了未来之研究。

尚品棋牌       20SHIJICHU,DUNHUANGMOGAOKUZANGJINGDONGGUZANGWENWENXIANDEFAXIAN,ZAIGUONEIWAIXUEJIEYINQIJIDADEHONGDONG。ZAIDUNHUANGWENXIANZONGLIANGZHONG,ZANGWENWENXIANSHULIANGJINCIYUHANWENWENXIAN,NEIRONGDESHEJIMIANYIHENGUANG。RUCILIANGDALEIDUODEZANGWENWENXIAN,DUIZHONGXINRENSHIGUDAITUFANDELISHI、DILI、ZHENGZHI、JUNSHI、ZONGJIAO、YUYAN、WENXUE、YIXUE、MINSU、KEJI、FANYIHEQITAMINZUJIANDEWENHUAJIAOLIUDENGWENTI,TIGONGLEZHONGYAODECANKAOZILIAO。DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANSHOUDAOGUONEIWAIXUESHUJIEDEGUANZHU,GEZHONGWENZIZHUANXIEDELUNZHUYUWEIDAGUAN。GUONEIDEYANJIUCHENGGUO,XIANGBIYUHANWENYANJIUCHENGGUO,ZANGWENCHENGGUOXUEJIEXIANGDUIJIAOWEIMOSHENG。WEILEHUIGUZONGJIEYONGZANGWENFABIAODEYANJIUCHENGGUO,BINGZHANWANGWEILAIDEYANJIUQUSHI,BENWENYIJIN30YUNIAN(1982—2014)LAIDEZANGWENLUNWENWEIZHONGXIN,ANLEIYUYISHULI,BINGLVEJIAPINGSHU。

       一、文献的综合性研究

       ZI1982NIANYILAI,YONGZANGWENZHUANXIESHANGPINQIPAIXIANGGUANDEWENZHANG,ZONGLUNDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDEFAXIANGUOCHENG、GEDIDESHOUZANGQINGKUANGHEZHENGLICHUBANDESHEXIANG,BINGTANTAOWENXIANYANJIUGEFANGMIANDEXUESHUJIAZHI。

       WANGDUICIRENDELUNWEN《ZILIAOBAOKU—DUNHUANGBENTUFANLISHIWENSHU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》[1]1986.1),FENBIEJIESHAOLEDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEYOUGUANFALV、LISHI、WENXUE、FANYI、YUYANDENGFANGMIANDEWENXIANJIQIXUESHUJIAZHI。QUNPEICIRENDELUNWEN《TANCHUZIDUNHUANGSHIKUDEZANGWENWENXIAN》(《XIZANGYANJIU》1991.3),JIANSHUDUNHUANGWENXIANDEFAXIANJIQIGEGUODESHOUZANGQINGKUANG,HEZHEIXIEGUWENXIANZAIDUNHUANGDIQUCHUXIANDEYUANYIN,BINGDUIZANGWENWENXIANZHINEIRONGDEFENLEI、TEZHENGHEJIAZHIJINXINGLETANXI。KAGANG·ZHAXICAIRANGHENIEKONG·GONGJUECIDANDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGGUZANGWENJUANDECHANSHENGJIQITADEZHENGLICHUBANDECHUBUSHEXIANG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》1998.2),YIJUHANZANGLISHIWENXIAN,HUIGUTUFANTONGZHIDUNHUANGDIQUDELISHIJIQISUOCHUANGZUODEWENMING,JIESHAODUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDEFAXIANGUOCHENGHEGEDIDESHOUZANGZHUANGKUANG,BINGTICHULEGUONEIWAIZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDEZHENGLIFANGFAHECHUBANXINGSHIDESHEXIANG。JIAYANGDAJIEHEGONGQUENANJIEDELUNWEN《SHILUNTUFANSHIQIWENXIANTEZHENG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2004.1),JIESHAOTUFANSHIQIZHISHIBEI、JIANDU、SIZHONG、MOYANSHIKEYIJIDUNHUANGWENXIANDEGAIMAO,BINGJIAYISHUOMINGTUFANSHIQIGELEIWENXIANDENEIRONGHEYUYANWENZISUOJUYOUDEZONGTITEDIAN。LONGBUJIEDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANYUZANGWENGUDIANZHIGUANXIJIQILISHIJIAZHI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.4),DUITUFANSHIQIDEZANGWENWENXIAN,JINGGUOCONGDIYUHENEIRONGLIANGGEFANGMIANJINXINGBUTONGDEFENLEIZHIHOU,TANTAODUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDESHILIAOJIAZHI。KANCUOJIHELONGYINGZHONGDELUNWEN《GANSUZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANGAISHU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.4),JIANMINGEYAODIJIESHAOLEGANSUZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDESHOUZANGYUANWEIYIJIYOUGUANDANWEIDEQINGKUANG,JINYIBUSHUOMINGGANSUDUNHUANGBOWUGUANZANGXIEBEN《BANRUOJING》ZHIFENLEIXINGSHIHEBIANHAOFANGSHI,ZUIHOUTANTAOLEGUZANGWENWENXIANDEXUESHUJIAZHIHEYIYI。

       二、社会历史文献研究

       SUIRANZAIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGSHEHUILISHIXIANGGUANWENXIANXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,DANSHIZHEIXIEWENXIANDESHILIAOJIAZHIFEICHANGKEGUI,MIBULEHOUQIZANGWENLISHIZHUZUOJIZAIZHIBUZU。YINCIJIAOZAOYINQILEZANGWENXUEJIEZHUANJIAMENDEGUANZHU。YANJIUNEIRONGBAOKUOLISHIRENWU、LISHIDIMING、LISHISHIJIAN、FALVZHIDU、YIJISHEHUIZHIDUDENGFANGMIAN。

尚品棋牌       LISHIRENWUFANGMIAN,GUOXU·ZHABAJUNNAIDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGSHIJIZHONGJIZAIDETUFANDACHENJIANJIE》(《XIZANGYANJIU》1995.2),YIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANLIDAIZANPUCHUANJIZHONGSUOJIZAIZHIDACHENMENDELISHIWEIJIDIAN,CANKAODASHIJINIANHEHOUQISHISHU,ZHUCIJIANJIECONG17DAIZANPUDECHINANXIONGZANZHI42DAIZANPUWUDONGZANZHIJIANDEZAIXIANG。DAOJICAODELUNWEN《JIANSHUDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGJIZAIDEZANGZULISHISHANGDEJIWEIFUNVRENWU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2003.1),TONGGUODUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANKAOCHAམ་མ་གྲོ་ཞ་སྐྱིད་བརླིང་མ། གླུ་སྲིང་མེར་ལྕམ། འབྲོ་བཟའ་ཁྲི་མ་ལོད།SANWEIWANGFEIDERENSHENGGUIJI,GENJUTAMENDEZHENGZHIYEJIJINXINGLEPINGJIA。QIARI·GAZANGTUOMEIDELUNWEN《FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.150HAOYIZHEGAWABEIZEYISHIYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2008.1),RENWEIP.T.150HAOYIZHEGAWABEIZE(YEYICHENGBOZE)YISHISHIGONGYUAN8SHIJIZHONGYE,CHUSHENGYUPENGBO(LASASHIBEIMIANPENGYUNIANQULIUYU)DEGASHIJIAZU,ZAIDANGSHIFANYIBINGXIAOKANLEBUSHAOFOJIAOJINGDIAN,TONGSHIZIJIYIZHUSHULISHUO,SHIYIWEIZILIPOSHENDEFANYIDASHI,ZAITUFANFOJIAODEYINRUHEZANGWENHUADEFAZHANLIXIAHANMAGONGLAO。

尚品棋牌       KAGANG·ZHAXICAIRANGDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGWENXIANP.T.849ZHONGSHOUCIFAXIANDELIANHUASHENGDASHICHUANJIWENXIANYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2009.1),ZAIQIANXIANYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,ZHICHUP.T.849 HAOZHONGDE“YINDUFAWANG”SHITUFANSHIQIDESHIJIAMOUNIFODECHENGWEI,ER“DEWABUZHA”SHILIANHUASHENGDASHISHOUCIDAOZANGQUSHIDECHENGWEI,BINGJINYIBURENDING,GAIWENXIANSHILIANHUASHENGDASHIZHICHUANJI。TADELINGYILUNWEN《DUNHUANGWEN849ZHONGXIUXINGDACHENGFOJIAOHEHUODEDACHENGFOJIAOZHIDINGJIAXINGDEZANGWANGMINGCHENGYUZANGZUSHISHUWENXIANBIJIAOYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2010.2),TICHUDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.849HAOZHONGLUOLIEDEXIUXINGDACHENGFOFADEJIGETUFANZANPUZHIMINGCHENG,YUQITASHISHUZHONGSUOJIZAIDEYOUSUOBUTONG。JINGGUOSHILIAODECHAYUE,JINYIBUCHANMINGབོད་འཕྲུལ་གྀ་རྒྱལ་པོ་དམྱྀག་གསུམ་པ།SHI“SANDAFAWANG”DEYISI,སྲོང་བརྩན།SHISONGZANGANBU,བཙན་པོ་ཁྲི་སྲོམ་ལྡེམ་བརྩན།SHICHISONGDEZAN,བཙན་པོ་ཁྲི་གཙུག་ལྡེ་བརྩན། བཙན་པོ་རལ་བ་ཅན།SHICHIZUDEZAN,TAMENYUTUFANWANGCHAOFENLIEZHIHOUBUJIUDEJIGEZANPUHOUYI,DOUSHIXIUXINGDACHENGFOFAQIEHUOCHENGJIUZHE。CIWAI,QI《YIJUDUNHUANGWENXIANTANZHIGONGZANPUCHENGWEIHANYI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2012.3),RENWEIZHIGONGZANPUMINGCHENGDENEIHAN,SHIWEIXIANGXIONGYUDEJIXIANGZANPUYOUPIANPOZHICHU,YEBUSHIDAOXIASANGMINGDEYISI。དྲྀ། DUIYINGDEHANYISHIXIEMO,TAYOUBEICHIMEIWANGLIANGSUOSHAHAIDESHUOFAERFANGNENGGUANSHANGZHIGONGZANPUZHIMING。XIAWULADANDELUNWEN《ZAITANDUNHUANGWENXIANP.T.1287GUANYUZHIGONGZANPUDEJIGEWENTI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.1),TONGGUOZHUDUOBENJIAOWENXIANZUOZHENG,CONGBENJIAOYIGUIDESHIJIAO,ZHONGXINJIEDUP.T.1287HAOGUANYUZHIGONGZANPUZHIMINGCHENGDEYOULAIYIJIZHONGYAODESHUGECIJUDENEIHAN。DUOJIEDONGZHIDELUNWEN《BIANXIDUNHUANGWENXIANP.T.1287ZHONG“LUDOU”YICIDESHIJIHANYI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2011.3),YINGYONGYUYANXUEHESHIXUEDEYANJIUFANGFA,RENWEIP.T.1287HAOZHONGDE“ལུག་རྟུགYICIDESHIJIHANYI,BINGBUSHIYIWANGXUEJIESUOCHANSHIDESUOWEIDEYANGSHIHEZHONGYANG,ERSHISONGZANGANBUZHIGUIFEIXIANGXIONGSALETEMAN。”

       历史地名方面,巴尔卡·阿贵的论文《敦煌吐蕃文献中的小邦地名考证》(《中国藏学》2009.1),分别稽考P.T.1286号《小邦邦伯家臣及赞普世系》中记载的17个小邦的地名渊源和地理位置。夏吾卡先的论文《敦煌文献中的<马驹三兄弟的故事>探微》(《中国藏学》2009.2),在前人研究的基础上,通过对这部文献所出现的各地名的考证,认为该文献是一部以西藏佛教前弘期苯教文化浓厚的古象雄和林芝等地为主要地理范围,表现上古西藏联邦时代相互间干戈现象的一部文献。卡岗·扎西才让的论文《敦煌吐蕃文献中“马重”和“集巴城”等地名在安多卡岗地区发现新探》(《中国藏学》2011.3),通过文献考察和实地调查,认为P.T.1287号中出现的རྨ་ཁྲོམ། མཁར་ཇིད་པར། ཡོ་ཏྀ་ཅུ་བཟངས།等地名在安多卡岗地区,进一步提出,该地区是吐蕃时期东西往来频繁的主要古道。勘措吉的论文《再谈敦煌文献中的རེབ་ཀོང་།之地名》(《西藏研究》2014.3),认为尽管རེབ་ཀོང་།之地名的由来,众说纷纭,莫衷一是,但是吐蕃时期已经存在或者使用此地名。现在普遍使用的རེབ་གོང་།一词,便是吐蕃时期所用的རེབ་ཀོང་།一词之不同写法形式而已,并以法藏敦煌藏文写卷《大般若波罗密多经初会》写经人名的题记为主要参考资料,阐述了自吐蕃时期开始,在རེབ་ཀོང་།地区产生的很多参政大相和文化艺人,同时提出当时该地区与敦煌在各方面有紧密的联系。

       LISHISHIJIANFANGMIAN,DAOWEI·JIAOBALUJIADELUNWEN《KAOYUANZIDUNHUANGWENXIANDEBUFENZHONGDASHIJIANDENIANBIAO》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2000.4),DUIP.T.1288HAODASHIJINIANDEXUSHIFENGGE、JINIANTEDIANHENEIRONGJIEGOUJINXINGEYAOJIESHAO,BINGDUIQIZHONGDEYIXIECIYUDENEIHANJINXINGLEJIESHI。GAORUIHEGONGBAOCAODELUNWEN《DUNHUANGDI365DONGKUJIQIXIANGGUANWENTIYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》,2009.3),RENWEICONGDUNHUANGDI365SHIKUDEZANGWENTIJINEIRONGKAN,GAISHIKUSHI832NIANKAISHIJIANZAO,ZHI834NIANCAIWANCHENGDE,QIYUP.T.999HAOWENXIANZAINEIRONGSHANGYOUYIDINGDEGUANLIANXING。SANYANGQIEDANDELUNWEN《FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.1080HAOXINTAN》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2009.3),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.1080HAOCHANSHENGDENIANDAISHIGONGYUAN747NIAN,NEIRONGSHIZAIDUNHUANGDIQUDEYIWEINVXINGFOJIAOTU,WEILEGENGHAODEGUANLIGENZIJIZUODUIDENVPUERSHANGJIAOZHISUSONGWENSHU,CONGZHONGKEYIKANCHUDANGSHIFALVDEGONGYUNXINGHEZANGWENDEPUJIXING。

       FALVZHIDUFANGMIAN,XIANBADELUNWEN《TUFANSHIQISHAZHOUGUANZHIGAISHU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2005.4,2006.1),YITUFANTONGZHISHAZHOUDEZAOQILISHIBEIJINGWEIZHUXIAN,YINYONGXIANGGUANDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIAN,BINGZHANKAILUNSHUTUFANTONGZHISHAZHOUQIJIANSUOJIANDEZHIGUANZHIDUDEXINGSHIHEBUTONGGUANYUANDEZHIZE。YELATAIDELUNWEN《CONGGUZANGWENWENXIANTANTUFANWANGCHAOSHIQIDEXINGFAZHIDU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2009.4),ZAIDANGDAIFALVLILUNDESHIYEXIA,YIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANWEIZHUYAOZILIAO,JIANGTUFANSHIQIDEXINGFAFENWEIMINSHIXINGFA、JUNSHIXINGFAHEXINGSHIXINGFASANDALEI,BINGJULIXIANGLUNTUFANWANGCHAOSHIQIXINGFAZHIDUDENEIRONGJITEZHENG。SUONANCAIRANGDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGTUFANFAGUIWENXIANP.T.1075KAO》(《XIZANGDAXUEXUEBAO》2014.1),YIFAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1075HAOWEIZHUYAOZILIAO,TONGSHICANKAOTUFANSHIQIHEHOUQIDEXIANGGUANWENXIAN,TICHUYIP.T.1075HAODENGXIANGGUANFALVWENXIANZHONGJIZAIDEGAOSHENZHIDUJIUNENGGOUPANGZHENG,TUFANSHIQIDESHEHUIBINGBUSHINULIZHISHEHUI,DANGSHIYEYIXINGCHENGLEJIAOWANZHENGDEFENGJIANSHEHUIZHIDU,BINGRENWEIP.T.1075HAODENGTUFANSHIQIDEXIANGGUANFALVWENXIANDUIHOUQIDEPAZHU、ZANGBAHEGANDANPOZHANGDENGGETONGZHISHIQIDEFALVZHIDUCHANSHENGLEJIAOWEIGUANGFANERSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。

       社会制度方面,索南吉的论文《试析古藏文词组སླུང་ཚང་། སླུངས་དཔོན།》(《西藏研究》1993.4),认为སླུང་ཚང་།是吐蕃时期为信使们的往来所建的驿站,སླུངས་དཔོན། 是驿站的官员,汉文史籍中的“笼官”名称是藏文སླུངས་དཔོན། 一词的音译。扎布的论文《试析<敦煌本吐蕃历史文书>中的བརླའ་བརྡུངས།》(《中国藏学》2000.1),对བརླའ་བརྡུངས། 一词译成“追击了敌人”的翻译内容提出质疑,并认为བརླའ་བརྡུངས། 之原意为击碎股骨,和原始宗教信仰相关的བླ་བརྡུངས། (泯灭魂魄)之间有千丝万缕的关系。达琼的论文《浅谈敦煌吐蕃藏文文献大事纪年中的议事之内容》(《西藏研究》2010.2),认为集会议盟是一种吐蕃时期重要的议事制度,其内容可以分为课税、军事和职官等9大类。夏吾拉旦的论文《敦煌藏文文献P.T.1189号研究》(《中国藏学》2011.2),认为敦煌藏文文献P.T.1189号大抵是公元962至974之间的文书,即吐蕃王朝分裂(844年)过110余年之后的书简。其主要内容是肃州司徒向河西节度天大王景琼可汗致函,说沙州的盗贼时不时明目张胆地损害肃州百姓等的情况。其中也透露出吐蕃时期的千户制度、盟誓制度以及藏文的使用,在10世纪时期的苏州、沙洲等地区依然继续或存在之历史情状。吴玉的论文《敦煌古藏语中“洛额”一词的派生文化》(《中国藏学》2011.3),认为在敦煌藏文文献,尤其王臣们的歌词中频频出现的ལྷོ་རྔེགས། 一词,其确切含义是历代大臣们竭尽全力争取的一种最高身份,抑或是荣誉称号。勘措吉的论文《敦煌藏文经文誉抄初探》(《西藏研究》2012.3),以甘肃藏敦煌藏文文献为主要资料,梳理了吐蕃统治敦煌时期的抄经制度,譬如抄经人员的构成、誉写流程的方式、经页报废的现象、奖惩制度的模式等。

       三、语言文字文献研究

尚品棋牌       DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEYUYANWENZIJUYOUZAOQIZANGWENTEZHENGYANJIUDEXUESHUJIAZHI。CILEIYANJIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANZHONGDEZAOQIFANWENHEZANGWENZIDESHUXIEXINGSHI、PINDUNEIRONG、YANBIANGUOCHENGYIJIXIANGGUANDEYUFALILUNWENTI,SHUXIEXINGSHI、PINDUFANGMIAN,GUOXU·ZHABAJUNNAIDELUNWEN《GUZANGWENTEZHENGYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》1994.2),TONGGUOJULI,XIANGSHULETUFANSHIQISANDAWENXIAN(JINSHI、MUJIAN、XIEJUAN)ZHONGFANFUCHUXIANDEYUANYIN、JICHUZI、QIANJIAZI、HOUJIAZI、DIEZI、XUCIDENGDEHUHUANGUILVHEYUANYIN。DUILABUQIONGDELUNWEN《CONGDUNHUANGWENXIAN〈XIONGDIJIAOHUILU〉ZHONGDESUOXIETITANGUZANGWENSUOXIEFA》[2](《XIZANGYANJIU》2003.2),RENWEIZANGWENSUOXIEFAYOUDAXIAOZHIFEN,DUNHUANGDENGGUZANGWENDESUOXIEFAQUANDOUSHUYUXIAODEFANCHOU,JIXUCIDESUOXIE。DUOBUDANDELUNWEN《CONGDUNHUANGWENXIANTANZANGWENSHANGJIAZI、YOUZUZIHEQIANHOUJIAZIDEYANBIANGUOCHENG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2007.2),JINGGUOXIANDAIZANGWENDESHANGJIAZI、YOUZUZIHEQIANHOUJIAZIDEXIEFAJIDUYINYUTUFANSHIQIDEDUIBI,ZHICHULETAMENZHIJIANDECHABIE。RENWEI,CHUXIANZHEIXIECHABIEDEYUANYOUZAIYUHOUQIDEXUEZHEMENANZHAOYUYANDEBIANHUAHEWENZIDETEZHENG,DUIGUZANGWENDESHANGJIAZI、YOUZUZIHEQIANHOUJIAZIJINXINGLEDUOCIDEGAILIANG;《CONGDUNHUANGGUZANGWENXINGTITANZANGWENZIXINGFAZHANBIANHUA》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.2)YIWEN,LIYONGWENZIXUEZIXINGYANBIANDEYANJIUFANGFA,TICHULEXUESHUJIEGONGRENLIANGJIUDE“ZANGWENCAOTISHIKAITISUXIEERXINGCHENG”WANQUANXIANGFANDEGUANDIAN,LUNZHENGCHUZANGWENCAOTISHIHENZAOYIQIANJIUYIJINGPUBIANLIUXING,ERFEIKAITISUXIEJICHUSHANGXINGCHENG;《CONGDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANSHIXITUFANSHIQIZANGWENSHANGXIAJIAZI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.1),RENWEIDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGZANGWENDESHANGXIAJIAZIHEDIEZIDEXIEFAJIPINDUYUXIANDAIDEZANGWENCUNZAIMINGXIANDECHURU,XIANSHICHUZAI《SANSHISONG》HE《YINSHILUN》LIANGBUYUFASHUWEIWENSHIZHIQIAN,BIANYOUJIAOWANZHENGDEZANGWENSHANGXIAJIAZIHEDIEZIDELILUNTIXI。ZHONGPUQIONGDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGTUFANWENXIANGUJINCIHUIBIJIAOYANJIU》(《XIZANGDAXUEXUEBAO》2014.1),YIWENXIANXUNGUXUEDEJIAODU,DUIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEDANGSHIJIAOPUBIANSHIYONGDEZHONGDUOCIHUIJINXINGLEZHUJIE。

尚品棋牌       KAGANG·ZHAXICAIRANGDEXILIELUNWENTAOLUNLEDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGCHUXIANDEFANWEN,《DUNHUANGTUFANWENSHUZAOQIFANWENཨ་སིད་ཏི་བྱེ་འཛ་ན།HEཨཱོཾམ།ZHUANXIEXINGSHIYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.4),TONGGUODUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.849HAOZHONGDEFANWENཨ་སིད་ཏི་བྱེ་འཛ་ན། HEསྀ་ཏི་ར་སྟུ། YIJIZHELONGGANDANXINGQINGSIZHONGWENLIDEཨཱོཾ། DENGDEZHUANXIEXINGSHI,YUHOUHONGQIXUEZHEMENDEZHUANXIEXINGSHIBIZHAO,RENWEISABANDENGHOUQIXUEZHEMENDUIZAOQIFANWENDEXIEFAJINGGUOJICIGUIFANHUAZHIHOUCAIXINGCHENGXIANYOUDEZHUANXIEXINGSHI;《DUNHUANGTUFANWENSHUZHONGZAOQIFANWENYUANYINDEZHUANXIEXINGSHI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2012.1),DUIDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANZHONGDEZAOQIFANWENYUANYINDEZHUANXIEXINGSHI,YUHOUQIGESHIDAIDEFANWENYUFAHEQITAWENXIANZHONGDEYUANYINZHUANXIEXINGSHIJINXINGDUIBIYANJIU,CHANSHULEZAOQIFANWENYUANYINZHUANXIEXINGSHIDEYANBIANGUOCHENG,ZHICHUZHEIYUZANGWENZIHEGELEIBIAODIANFUHAODEBIANHUAYUDINGXINGJUYOUJINMIDELIANXI;《DUNHUANGWENXIANP.T.849ZHONGWUGEFANWENYUNWENDEZAOQIXINGSHIYANJIU》(《XIBEIMINZUDAXUEXUEBAO》2013.1),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.849HAO160XINGZHONGSUOJIZAIDE5GEYUNWEN,ZHIDESHIFANWENDE5GEJIBENYUNWEN,ERQIEFANWENDE16GEYUNWENYIKEYIGUINAZHIZHEI5GEJIBENYUNWENDANGZHONG。

       YUFALILUNFANGMIAN,SUONANCAIRANGDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGGUZANGWENWENXIANJIBEIWENZANGWENYUFAYUTUMISANGBUZHAZANGWENYUFAZHIBIJIAOYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2005.1),TONGGUODUITUFANSHIQIGUWENXIANDEYUFATEZHENGYUCHUANSHUOYOUTUMISANGBUZHASUOZHUDEYUFASHU《SANSHISONG》HE《YINSHILUN》DEYUANLIJINXINGBIJIAO,RENWEITUMISANGBUZHADE《SANSHISONG》HE《YINSHILUN》LIANGBUYUFASHUDENEIRONG,XIJINGZANGZULIDAIWENRENMOKEDEBUDUANWANSHANCAIXINGCHENGDE。TAWA·ZHAXIDANGZHIDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGXINFAXIANDETUFANSHIQIZANGYUYUFAJIEDU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2010.1),JINGGUODUIXIANGGUANWENXIANDEDUIBIFENXI,QUERENFAZANGWENXIANP.T.783HAOYUYINGZANGWENXIANch.0003HAOSHITONGYIBUZANGWENYUFAWENXIAN,MINGCHENGWEI《BAZHUANSHENGSONG》;RENWEI《BAZHUANSHENGSONG》ZAIGONGYUAN9SHIJIZHONGQIYOUFACHENGJUHANWENBENYICHENGZANGWEN,ERHANWENBENYOUSHICONGZHAOFANWENBENYICHU。ZAI《DANZHUER》ZHONGSHOUZANGDEJIE·QIZHUYISHISUOFANYIDEYINDUDASHIXIDAREDE《SHENGLUN》(ཤྲཱིདྷ་ར། «སྒྲའི་རྣམ་པར་དབྱེ་པ་བསྟན་པ»)SHIDUNHUANGBEN《BAZHUANSHENGSONG》DELINGYIZHONGYIBEN。GUCIDUANDING,《BAZHUANSHENGSONG》ZUOZHEYESHIYINDUDASHIXIDARE。ZUIHOUTICHULE,《BAZHUANSHENGSONG》DUIZAOQIZANGWENYUFALILUNXINGCHENGSHIHEZANGWENWENFABENSHENYANJIUDEXUESHUJIAZHI。

       四、文学艺术文献研究

尚品棋牌       ZANGZUXUEZHELIYONGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIAN,DUITUFANSHIQIWENXUEYISHUDEXIANGGUANYANJIUYURANCHENGFENG。YANJIUNEIRONGBAOKUOGUSHI、SHISHIHEDAOGEDEZHUTISIXIANG、YISHUTEZHENG、YUANYUANGUANXIHEYINGXIANGXIANXIANGDENGFANGMIAN。

尚品棋牌       QIZHENGXIANDELUNWEN《LUNDUNHUANGGUZANGWENZHONGDEXIUSHICI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》1992.3),LIYONGTANDING《SHIJINGLUN》ZHIXIUCILILUN,FENXIDUNHUANGGUZANGWENZHONGDEXIUSHICIFENGGE,RENWEIZAI《SHIJINGLUN》YICHENGZANGWENZHIQIAN,ZANGZUYEYICHUXIANGUOJIAOWEIFENGFUDEXIUCIFANGFA,ZHIBUGUOSHIDANGSHISHANGWEIXINGCHENGWANZHENGDELILUNTIXIERYI。SUOPINGDELUNWEN《YIBUZANGZUWENXUESHISHANGZUIJUYOUJIULISHIDEWENXUEZUOPIN—CHUTANCHUZIDUNHUANGSHIKUDE“XIONGZHANGYIJIAO”YIJUANZHINEIRONG》[3](《XIZANGYANJIU》1993.4),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIAN《XIONGZHANGYIJIAO》SHIYIBUYANGSHANQIE、LIXINGSIKAOYIJIWEIRENZHEXIANGDENGCHUSHIZHEXUEWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDEWENXUEZUOPIN,YESHIZANGZUWENXUESHISHANGLISHIZUIYOUJIUDEZHENYANTIWENXUEZHUZUO。

尚品棋牌       XIAWUCAIRANGDELUNWEN《CHUTAN〈SHIYUGUSHI〉YUCHUZIDUNHUANGDEGUDAIZANGZUJIZEGUSHIZHIGUANXI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》1996.3),TONGGUO《SHIYUGUSHI》DEQINGJIE、YUYAN、RENWUYIJIJIEGOUDENGFANGMIAN,FENBIEYUDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEJIZEGUSHIDEFANFUDUIZHAO,TICHULEZANGWENBEN《SHIYUGUSHI》BINGFEILAIYUANYUYINDUMINJIANGUSHIJI《JIANGSHIGUIGUSHIERSHIWUZE》,FANZHIZANGDIZAOQIYUANBENJIUYOU《SHIYUGUSHI》ZHEILEIGUDAIMINJIANGUSHI。YANGMAOJIDELUNWEN《CHUTANDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDE〈MAYUYEMAGUSHI〉YULIDAIZANGZUWENXUEZUOPINZHIGUANXI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.3),JIANGDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDE《MAYUYEMAGUSHI》YULIDAIWENXUEZUOPINDEGEFANGMIANDEGUANXIZUODUIBI,ZHICHUZANGZUWENXUESHIDECHUANTONGXING、LIANGUANXINGHEYINGXIANGXINGDENGDETEZHENG。XIURIDUODELUNWEN《FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWEN〈LUOMOYANNEI〉YIWENTANWEI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.3),RENWEIGUYINDUDE《LUOMOYANNEI》SHISHISHISHIJIEWENXUEDEYIDUOQIPA,HUODESHIJIEGEMINZUDEXIAI。ZAIGONGYUAN8SHIJICENGYOU3ZHONGZANGWENYIBENRANERDANGSHIZHISUOYIMEIYOUWANZHENGDE《LUOMOYANNEI》ZANGWENYIBENSHIYINWEIQIJUYOUGENFOJIAOSHUIHUOBURONGDEGUYINDUWAIDAOSIXIANG。

       DUOJIEDELUNWEN《SHITANDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDEDAOGEWENHUABEIJINGJIQITEZHENG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2008.3),RENWEITUFANSHIQIDEDAOGESHIZAINONGHOUDEBENJIAOWENHUABEIJINGXIACHANSHENGDE,QIBIAOXIANDEZHUTISHIYUXIANSHISHENGHUOXIXIXIANGGUANDEZHENGZHIHUODONG,ERQIEJUYOUXIANMINGDEMINZUXING、GAOYUANXING、LISHIXING、DUICHANGXINGYIJIDUIBIXINGDENGYISHUSECAI。DANZENGDUNZHUDELUNWEN《LVETANTUFANSHIQIDAOGEJIQIYUANSHENGKOUYUWENHUATEZHENG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.1),YITUFANSHIQIDEDAOGEWEIGEAN,JIEHEYUANSHENGKOUYUWENHUAYOUGUANLILUN,TANTAOTUFANSHIQIDAOGEHEKOUYUZHONGDEནི་སྒྲ། བཟློས་སྒྲ། བསྐོར་ཚིགDENGDETEZHENG。

尚品棋牌       QIONGBAO·SUONANDUOJIADELUNWEN《DUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGQIONGBAOSUZIYUNIANGSHANGNANGDEDUIGENEIHANYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2013.3),SHOUXIANCHANSHULEP.T.1287HAOZHONGDEQIONGBAOSUZIYUNIANGSHANGNANGDUIGEDELISHIBEIJING,BINGZAIYIWANGXUEJIEYANJIUCHENGGUODEJICHUSHANG,CONGDUIGEDESHUGEZHONGYAOCIJUZHESHOU,JIEDULEQIONGBAOSUZIYUNIANGSHANGNANGDUIGEDENEIHAN,ZHICHUTUFANSHIQIQINGZANGGAOYUANTONGYIDEYEJIGUIGONGYUSONGZANGANBUZANPUHUOZHETONGSHIDAIDEJUNCHENDESHUOFAYOUXIESHIDANG,YINWEIQIFUNANRILUNZANZAITUFANTONGYISHIYESHANGTONGYANGGONGBUKEMO。TONGSHIZUOZHERENWEI,ལྷོ་རྔེགས།BUJINSHIZANGZUGUDAIDEYIGEZUXING,YISHIYIGEDIMING。ZHEILEIDUIGECINEIRONGDESHENRUYANJIU,DUIDANGSHILISHIBEIJINGDERENSHIYOUYIDINGDECANKAOJIAZHI。QI《QIANTANDUNHUANGGUZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1287ZHONGYOUGUANམགུར།DEJIGEWENTI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2013.4)RENWEI,FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1287HAOZHONGDESONGZANGANBUHEGAER·DONGZANLIANGWEIJUNCHENDUIGEDENIANDAIWEIGONGYUAN655NIAN[4],GECIDANGZHONGDEམདོ།ZHIDESHIDUOMAIDIQU, རྩང་།ZHIDESHIHOUZANGDIQU,གློ་བ།KEYILIJIECHENGལྷོ་རྔེགས།DEལྷོ།གད་ཀྱི་གསེར་པོ་ཆེ།YIKEYILIJIECHENGSONGZANGANBUZANPU,CONGZHEILIANGWEIJUNCHENDUIGEDEGECIZHONGKEYIKANCHU,DANGSHIDEMENGSHIZHIDUSHITUFANSHIQIWEIHUGUOTAIMINANDEYIZHONGZHENGZHISHOUDUAN,YESHIZANGZUWENHUADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。TADELINGYIPIANLUNWEN《BUDEGONGJIESUOCHANGDAOGEZHILISHIBEIJINGJIQINEIHANJIEXI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2014.1),ZAIQIANRENYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOXIANGGUANWENXIANKAOSHUDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1287HAOZHONGDEBUDEGONGJIESUOCHANGDAOGEDELISHIBEIJINGZHIHOU,DUIGECINEIRONGZAICIJIEDU,ZAIMOUXIEWENTISHANG,TICHULEGENXUEJIEYOUSUOBUTONGDEGUANDIAN。RENZENGHECIYANGDELUNWEN《LVETANDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDEDAOGEYISHUTEDIAN》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2013.4),CONGXIUCIFENGGE、MINZUTESE、QINGGANYUNHAN、ZHUTINEIRONG、YUYANFENGGE、YINLEXINGZHILIUFANGMIAN,ZHANKAITAOLUNDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEDAOGEZHIYISHUTEDIAN。

       五、宗教文献研究

尚品棋牌       ZONGGUANDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIAN,FOJIAOWENXIANDESHULIANGJIAODUO,YOUYUSUOYONGDEZHIZHANGJIAOJIA,BAOCUNHEGUANLIDEQINGKUANGYEJIAOHAO,NENGKUIJIANTUFANSHIQIJIQIZHONGSHIFOJIAOSHIYEDEYIMIAN。DUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIANDEZHONGDAFAXIAN,WEITUFANSHIQIDEFOJIAOFAZHANQINGKUANGHEYUZHOUBIANMINZUWENHUAJIAOLIUZHUANGKUANGJIFOJIAOJINGDIANDEFANYIFENGGEDENGYIXILIEDEYANJIUTIGONGLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEZHENGUIZILIAO。XUEZHEMENREZHONGYUTANTAOZONGJIAOGEWENXIANDEFANYIQINGKUANG、BANBENYUANLIU、CHUANDASIXIANG、YINGXIANGCHENGDUDENG。

       NANKANUOBUDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANསྦས་པའི་རྒུམ་ཆུང་།YUANBENZHIKAOSHI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》1989.3),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDESANGJIEBEIBA(སངས་རྒྱས་སྦས་པ།)DE«སྦས་པའི་རྒུམ་ཆུང»SHIYIBUDAYUANMANFAZHUZUO,QIYUNUQINGSANGJIEYIXI《SHANDINGMUJU》YISHUDENEIRONGSHANGYOUYIDINGDEGUANXI。SUONANDONGZHUDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGGUZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.823YANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2011.4),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.823HAOSHIDUNHUANGHANWENXIEJUANPch4646HAO《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》DEZANGYIBEN,P.T.823HAOSHIYANJIU“TUFANSENGZHENG”LISHISHIJIANBUKEHUOQUEDEWENXIAN。TONGGUOZANGYIBENP.T.823HAOHEHANWENBENPch4646HAODEZHUZIZHUJUBIJIAO,JIAOQUANMIANDILUNSHULE“TUFANSENGZHENG”DELAILONGQUMAI,YIJI《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》DESHANZONGSIXIANG,BINGTONGGUOCANKAOQITAXIANGGUANWENXIAN,FENBIETANXILEHANSENGMOHEYANHEYINDUSENGLIANHUAJIEGEZIDEFOXUESIXIANGYUZHUZUOQINGKUANG。BANBANDUOJIEHEZHOULADELUNWEN《〈DUNWUZHENZONGJINGANGBANRUOXIUXINGDABIANFAMENYAOJUE〉CHUTAN》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2005.4),JIESHAODUNHUANGZANGJINGDONGCHUTUDEZANGWEN《DUNWUZHENZONGJINGANGBANRUOXIUXINGDABIANFAMENYAOJUE》,SHIYOUHOUMOCHENYANJUSHIHEZHIDASHANSHIWENDAXINGSHIGOUCHENGBINGYIBEICHUANSHANZONGSIXIANGWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDEYIBUWENXIAN。SUIRANDUNHUANGZANGYIBENSHICONGHANWENBENYICHENGDE,KEXIANCUNHANWENBENCANQUEBUKAN,ERCIWENXIANZAILIDAIHAN、ZANG《DAZANGJING》ZHONGJUNWEISHOUJI,YINCI,DUNHUANGZANGYIBENDEZHENGUIHEHANJIAN,DUIBEICHUANSHANZONGSIXIANGDETANJIU,ZANGCHUANFOJIAOYUHANCHUANSHANZONGLISHIGUANXIDELUNSHU,HAN、ZANGCHUANFOJIAODEBIJIAOYANJIUDENGTIXIANDEXUESHUJIAZHIGENGBUYANERYU。TONGSHI,WENZHANGHAIKAOSHULEQISUOXIANXIANDESHANZONGSIXIANGKEYIGUIWEI“YIQIEXINWU”“BANRUOZHONGGUAN”“WUSUOCHU”“RULAIZANG”DENGFANGMIANDEGUANDIAN。ZHOULADELUNWEN《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUEYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2013.4),RENWEIDUNHUANGHANWENWENXIANP.4646HAOJIS.2672HAO《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》,SHIGONGYUAN8SHIJIMOYEHUOSHIGONGYUAN9SHIJICHUYE,YOUMOHEYANDEDIZIANQISHANGSHIZHIFENFUJILUDEGUANYU“DUNJIANZHIZHENG”DEYIBUWENXIAN;BINGZONGHE《BAXIE》HE《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》DENGZANGHANWENYOUGUANSHILIAODEJIZAI,TICHUZANGCHUANFOJIAOSHISHANGDE“DUNJIANZHIZHENG”BINGBUSHIZIXUWUYOU,ERSHIKEGUANFASHENGDESHISHI,QIEFASHENGZAIGONGYUAN792NIANZHI794NIANQIJIAN。MOHEYANSUISHIHANDIBEICHUANSHANZONGDECHUANCHENGZHE,RANERTASUOCHIDEFOFAGUANDIANSHIYINANCHUANSHANZONGHEBEICHUANSHANZONGLIANGPAIDEFOXUESIXIANGGONGTONGGOUCHENGDE;WENZHANGHAICHANSHULEMOHEYANZHIFAMAICHUANCHENGDELISHI,YIJIQIDEFOXUESIXIANG。TADELINGYIPIANLUNWEN《HANWENDUNHUANGWENXIAN〈DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE〉YIWEN》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2014.1,2014.2),JIANGDUNHUANGHANWENWENXIANP.4646HAOJIS.2672HAO《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》FANYICHENGZANGWEN,BINGJINXINGLEZHUSHI。

       QIAGA·DANZHENGDELUNWEN《SHITANDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDEZHANGUACINEIRONG》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2007.2),RENWEIYINGZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENZHANGUAWENXIANSHIZAOQIBENJIAOWENHUAYUNYUDECHANWU,ZAITUFANSHIQIFAZHANSHENGXING。SUIRANQIGUISHUYUZHANGUALEIWENXIAN,DANSHIWUMIAOXIEDEXIZHIRUWEI,ZIZIZHUJI,DUQILAIFUYOUJIEZOUGAN,YIYANGDUNCUO,LANGLANGSHANGKOU,KANCHENGYIBUKUAIZHIRUKOUDEWENXUEZUOPIN。AWANGJIACUODELUNWEN《DUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGDE“BEN”HE“BENBO”SHIYI》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2013.2),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEབོན།ZIZHIBENJIAODEYIZHONGYIGUI,HUOZHESHIWUSHUZHOUFUZHONGDUISHENGUIDEQIRANG,YEZHIZHUCHIYIGUIDEBENJIAOTU,YIYOUDONGCI“SHUO”DEYISI,LINGWAI,DUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGCUNZAIབོན། HEབོད།LIANGGEZIHUHUANDEQINGKUANG。DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEGENབོན།HEབོན་པོ།XIANGGUANDEZHEIXIEWENXIAN,SHUYUSIBABENJIAO,SHIZANGZUWENHUADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。

       QIARI·GAZANGTUOMEIDEXILIELUNWENZHUYAOYANJIUDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDEFOJINGWENBEN,《FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGDE〈PUXIANXINGYUANWANGJING〉XIEBENCHUTAN》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2007.3),RENWEIZUICHUDE《PUXIANXINGYUANWANGJING》LAIYUANYUFOTUO,QIZANGYIBENZAIZANPUCHISONGDEZANSHIQI,YOUYIXIDE(ZHIJUN)DENGZANGZUYISHIHEYINDUBANZHIDAGONGTONGFANYI。DUNHUANGZANGYIBENYOU60GEJIESONG,15GEYUXIEZHE,YEYOUJIZHONGBUTONGDEYIBEN;《FAZANGDUNHUANGGUZANGWENWENXIANP.T.150HAO〈PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU〉CANJUANYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2008.1),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.150HAOSHIYINDUJIANSANGBODASHI《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》DEBUFENCANJUAN,GONGYUAN8、9SHIJIZUOYOUYOUZANGZUBOZE(JIXIANGZENG)YISHIYICHENGZANGWEN,BINGTICHUP.T.150HAOBENYU《DANZHUER》ZHONGDE《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》BIJIAO,QUESHIDATONGXIAOYI,SUOYI,P.T.150HAO《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》HESHIZANGRUDUNHUANGZANGJINGDONGDESHIJIAN,ZHIDEZAISHENRUYANJIU;《FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.151JIEXI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.2),RENWEIP.T.151HAOSHI《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》DEBUFENCANJUAN,ZAIZANGZULIDAI《DANZHUER》MULUHEQITASHUMUZHONG,WEIZHAOJIANQIZUOZHEHEFANYIDENGSHUOMINGDETIJI,TONGGUODUIBI《DANZHUER》HEDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONGSHOUZANGDEQITA《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》DUIBI,ZAICIJUYONGFAHEYUFADEJIEGOUSHANGYOUHENDADEQUBIE,YINCI,GAIWENXIANBIDUNHUANGQITALEISIDE《PUXIANXINGYUANJINGGUANGZHU》WENXIANZAISHIJIANSHANGGENGZAOYIXIE,QIZUOZHEYEYOUKENENGSHISANGJIEZHIBA,DANSHANGDAIJINYIBUYANJIU。TADELINGYIPIANLUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIAN〈BAIBAICHANHUIJING〉JIXIANGGUANWENTIYANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2009.1),TONGGUODUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIAN《BAIBAICHANHUIJING》HEQITAYOUGUANDEZANGZULISHIWENXIANXIANGJINMIJIEHE,LUNSHULEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSHISHANGDEZHONGDAZHISHI“NINGBAOSANGWA”(MIYAO)DEXIANGGUANWENTI;《FAZANGDUNHUANGXIANYUJINGYANJIU》(《ANDUOYANJIU》DI5JI,GANSUMINZUCHUBANSHE)ZHICHU,DUNHUANGZANGWENXIEBENP.T.943HAO,S.T.217HAO, S.T.218HAO 《XIANYUJING》,SHIYOUGUO·FACHENGZAIGONGYUAN8SHIJIMOZHI9SHIJICHUQIJIAN,YIJUFANWENBEN,BINGCANKAOHANYIBENJICHUSHANGFANYIERCHENGDE,YUHANWENBENZAIJUANSHUSHANGYOUSUOCHABIE;《LVEXIDUNHUANGGUZANGWENYINYIHANWENFOJIAOWENXIANP.T.448HAO〈BANRUOBOLUOMIDUOXINJING〉》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.3),RENDINGDUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIANP.T.448HAO,SHIYIBUHANWEN《BANRUOBOLUOMIDUOXINJING》YINYICHENGZANGWENDE《BANRUOBOLUOMIDUOXINJING》,ZUOZHECHANMINGTUFANSHIQIMINZHONGPUBIANXINYANG《BANRUOBOLUOMIDUOXINJING》JINGDIAN,YINCI,ZANGWENYINYIBEN《BANRUOBOLUOMIDUOXINJING》YESHIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIACHANSHENGDE;BINGTICHUZANGWENYINYIBENDEZIJUYIYIHEFANYIFENGGEYUHANWENBENDUIZHAO,CONGZHONGYINENGGOUFAXIANDANGSHIDUNHUANGDIQUDEFANGYANJIHANZIDEDUYINDENGTEZHENG;《DUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIANP.T.889HAO〈YIBUCIDINIANSONGLUNZHONGYIBUSHUOJI〉CANJUANJIQIXIANGGUANWENTIYANJIU》(《XIZANGDAXUEXUEBAO》2011.4),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENFOJIAOWENXIANP.T.889HAO,SHIGUYINDUFOJIAOYIQIEYOUBUPAIZHONGYAORENWU,DUOWALA(WENROUFO)DASHI(643—754)DEGUDAIYINDUFOJIAOGEPAIXIXINGCHENGDELISHIZHUZUO《YIBUCIDINIANSONGLUNZHONGYIBUSHUOJI》DEBUFENNEIRONG,JINCUN2YE。HAISHUOMINGQIDUIGUYINDUFOJIAO,YOUQIDUIZANGCHUANFOJIAOFAZHANSHIYANJIUDECANKAOJIAZHIBUKEDIGU;《YINGZANGDUNHUANGGUZANGWENXIEJUANZHONGGUANBENLUNWUWEISHIJIEXI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2014.1),RENWEIYINGZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANIOL.TIb.J.VOL.18.16HAO,SHIYIBULONGSHUDASHI《ZHONGGUANGENBENZHILUN》ZHIZHUSHIZHUZUO,MINGCHENGWEI《ZHONGGUANBENLUNWUWEISHI》,QIZUOZHEBUSHILIDAIXUEZHESUOGONGRENLIANGJIUDELONGSHUDASHI,ERSHIWUWEILUNSHI。ZAITUFANSHIQI,YOUYINDUZHONGGUANPAI·JIANEIJIARIBA(ZHIZANG)HEZANGZUYISHIJUERUO·LUYIJIAZAN(LONGTONG)YICHENGZANGWEN。

       YANGBENJIADELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.903JIEXI》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.2),JIESHAOGUYINDULUNSHISHENGYOUSUOZHUDEDUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANP.T.903HAO《GENBENSAPODUOBULVSHE》SHI《BOLUOTIMUCHAJING》DEZHUSHUZHIZUO,KENENGWENSHIYUGONGYUAN7SHIJI,YINWEIYINDULUNSHISHENGYOUSHENGYUGONGYUAN6SHIJICHUYE,ZUYU,7SHIJI。ZHEIBUJIELVWENXIAN,ZAICHISONGDEZANSHIQI,YOUYINDUQINJIAOSHIXILANTUOLUOPUSATIHEZANGZUDAYISHIBAIRUOZANAZAISANGYESIYIJINGYUANJUFANWENYICHENGZANGWEN,ERHOUYOUKESHENMIERKANBUJIANAXILANBAZHA、DAYISHIJIABAXIRE、SHIJIAXINIANDENGZHUGAOSENGDADE,YIBAIRUOZANADENGDEYIBEN《GENBENSAPODUOBULVSHE》WEIJICHU,DUIZHAOFANWENYUANWENDUIQIJINXINGLEXIAOYI,XIANYIBIANRUZANGWEN《DAZANGJING》,GONGYOU13JUAN。JIJIABENDELUNWEN《CHUTANDUNHUANGGUZANGWEN〈BAISANGAI〉CANJUANJIQIYIZHE》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2009.3),GAISHUFAZANGDUNHUANGWENXIANZHONG《BAISANGAI》ZHISHOUZANGQINGKUANGHEJIBENTEZHENG,KAOZHENG《BAISANGAI》,SHIZANPUCHIDESONGZANSHIQIYOUYINDUDEXILANTUOLUOPUSATIHEPUSATIMIZHAYICHENGZANGWENSHISHI。BINGZHICHU,ZHEIBUMIZONGJINGDIAN,ZAIDANGSHISHEHUIJIAOWEIFENGXING。SANGJIEKEDELUNWEN《CHUTANDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.93》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2011.2),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.93HAO,SHIDACHENGFOJIAOJINGDIAN《FOSHUOZHUFABENWUJING》,YOUZANGZUYISHIRENQINCUO(CHISONGDEZAN—CHIDESONGZAN)812NIANZUOYOUYICHENGZANGWEN,QIJIEGOUHEYUFADOUYU《GANZHUER》ZHONGDEBANBENLVEYOUBUTONG。CAIXIANGDUOJIEDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.116SIXIANGYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2012.3),ZHICHUDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.116HAO,SHILVELUNDAXIAOCHENGZHIQUBIE、RUMENJIGEZIZHIXINGXIANGDEYIBUWENXIAN。TONGSHI,ZUOZHERENWEICONGGAIWENXIANCHUANDADEYAOZHISHANGKAN,SHUYUYUJIAXINGZHONGGUANPAISIXIANG,KENENGSHIJIHUHELIANHUAJIEZAIZANGDIYUJIAXINGZHONGGUANPAISIXIANGCHUANBOBUJIUHOUCHANSHENGDEFOJIAOWENXIAN。

       SUONANDELUNWEN《YINGZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANIOL.TIb.J.VOL.17ZHONGDEZHENGSHUOSHENGMIAOJIXIANGMINGCHENGJINGYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2013.1),LUNSHULEGAIJINGDIANDEYUFATEZHENG,JIANGBUFENNEIRONGFENBIEYU 《GANZHUER》BEN《ZHENGSHUOSHENGMIAOJIXIANGMINGCHENGJING》JINXINGBIJIAO,YOUCISHUOMINGLIANGZHONGBANBENDEYITONGGUANXI。DEBAIDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENXIEJUANRANDENGQIYUANWENZHIBUTONGP.TBANBENBIJIAOYANJIU》(《XIZANGYANJIU》2013.4),GAISHUFAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENSIBUXIEJUANRANDENGQIYUANWENP.T.26HAO、P.T.2HAO、P.T.45HAO、P.T.170HAOGONGYOUDEGUZANGWENYUFATEZHENG,JINYIBUDUISIBUXIEJUANNEIBUDEYUFATEDIANJINXINGDUIBI,CONGERSHUOMINGTAMENZAIWENSHISHIJIANSHANGDEXIANHOUWENTI,BINGRENWEIRANDENGQIYUANWENZAINEIRONGSHANGJUYOUQIFURANGZAIDEGONGNENG,QIZUICHUHENYOUKENENGSHICHISONGDEZANZANPUSHIQIDEYIWEIFOJIAOTUZHU,YIHUOSHIYIWEIDAYISHIYIWEIZANGWEN。

       六、其他文献研究

尚品棋牌       ZAIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONG,YINMINGXUEHEYIXUEWENXIANDESHULIANGXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,YANJIUDEXIANGGUANLUNWENYEJIAOSHAO。GAIMABENDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGYINMINGXUEZANGWENCANJUANP.T.123ZHONG〈ZHENGLIDILUNBENSHU〉YANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2011.4),JIESHAODUNHUANGZANGWENYINMINGXUEWENXIANP.T.123HAO,SHIYOU《ZHENGLIDILUN》《ZHENGLIDILUNGUANGZHU》《TAXUCHENGLILUN》《TAXUCHENGLILUNZHUSHU》SIBUYINMINGXUEZHUZUOZUCHENG。QUEJIZHABA(FACHENG)DE《ZHENGLIDILUN》SHIYOUYINDUYANLAPENGBASANGBO(LITAMIAOXIAN)DENGHEZANGZULUODANXIRAOYICHENGZANGWEN,DUOWALADE《ZHENGLIDILUNGUANGZHU》SHIYOUYINDUZINEIMIZHA(SHENGYOU)HEZANGZUYIXIDEYICHENGZANGWEN,QUEJIZHABA(FACHENG)DE《TAXUCHENGLILUN》HEDUOWALADE《TAXUCHENGLILUNZHUSHU》SHIYOUYINDUXUTUOSIDA(QINGJINGSHI)HEZANGZUBOZEYICHENGZANGWEN。《ZHENGLIDILUN》HE《ZHENGLIDILUNGUANGZHU》DEYUFAHEBIAODIANDEXINGSHIYUHOUQIDEQITABANBENYOUBUTONGZHICHU。ZUOZHETICHU,SUIRANXUESHUJIEDINGLUN,DUNHUANGWENXIANJIESHI1002NIANZHIQIANDEWENXIAN,DANJINGGUOKAOZHENG,DUNHUANGBEN《ZHENGLIDILUN》KENENGSHI1312NIANZHIHOUDEFANYICHENGGUO。

尚品棋牌       DEGECAIRANGDELUNWEN《DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1062、P.T.1065YANJIU》(《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》1990.4),RENWEIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANP.T.1062HAOSHIZHILIAOMADEGEZHONGJIBINGDELILUNSHU,P.T.1065HAOSHIGUANLIJIDIAOJIAOMADELILUNSHU,NEIRONGBUJINFENGFU,ERQIEJUKEXUEXING。P.T.1062HAO、P.T.1065HAOLIANGBUDOUSHIGONGYUAN8ZHI9SHIJIQIJIANWENZIJIZAIDEWENXIAN,KENENGSHISHIJIESHANGSHIJIANJIAOZAODEYOUGUANYIMAHEXUNMADELILUNSHU,CONGERNENGKUIJIANMAZAITUFANSHIQIDEZHONGYAOXING。

       七、研究成果的总结与趋势之展望

尚品棋牌       GENJUYISHANGZHIZONGSHU,DUIYIWANGDEYANJIUCHENGGUOYUYIZONGJIE,BINGDUIJINHOUDEYANJIUQUSHILVEJIAZHANWANG。[5]

       (YI)YANJIUCHENGGUODEZONGJIE

       1.CONGXIANGGUANLUNWENFABIAODESHULIANGCHENGZENGZHANGQUSHIBUNANKANCHU,XUEJIEYULAIYUZHONGSHIDUIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANDEZHENGLIHEYANJIU。JUBIZHECULVETONGJI,ZI1982NIANYILAI,JINZAI《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》HE《XIZANGYANJIU》SHANGJIUFABIAOGUO103PIANXIANGGUANLUNWEN。

       2.CONGYANJIUDUIWUDEGOUCHENGSHANGKAN,ZUOZHEYIGEMINZUYUANXIAODESHISHENGWEIZHU,QIZHONGSHUOSHIBOSHIYANJIUSHENGJIAODUO。LINGWAI,BUSHAOSHUO、BOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN,YIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG,KEJIANYANJIUDUIWUDEBUDUANZHUANGDA。

       3.YIWANGDECHENGGUOZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISHEHUILISHIHEFOJIAOWENXIANFANGMIAN。SHEHUILISHIWENXIANZHONG,LISHIRENWUHELISHISHIJIANYANJIUDELUNWENJIAODUO,ERJINGJI、FALVYANJIUDENGFANGMIANDECHENGGUOBUDUO。FOJIAOWENXIANDEYANJIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISHANZONGWENXIAN、QIYUANWENHEBUFENXIANZONG,TANTAOFANYITEDIAN、BANBENYUANLIUDENGFANGMIAN,ERYIXUE、WENXUE、BENJIAODENGFANGMIANDECHENGGUOJIAOSHAO。

       4.CONGYANJIUFANGFASHANGKAN,YIYUYANXUE、LISHIXUEDEFANGFAWEIZHU,RUDUISHEHUIWENXIANDEJIEDU、GEZHONGCIYUDEKAOSHIDENG,BINGQUDELEYIDINGDECHENGJIU,YOUZHUYUDUIDUNHUANGWENXIANDELIJIE。

       (ER)YANJIUQUSHIZHIZHANWANG

尚品棋牌       1.CUNSHIDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANYOUDAIQUANMIANPUCHA 。SUIRANZHONG、YING、FAZANGDUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHENGZAILUXUCHUBAN,GUOJIDUNHUANGXIANGMU(IDP)DEWANGZHANSHANGYENENGXIAZAIXIANGGUANWENXIANDETUPIAN,DANSHIQITAGEDIDEDAXIAOGUANZANGZHIWENXIANCHULEBUFENMULUHUOZHEXULUGONGBUYUZHONGZHIWAI[6],SHANGWEIJIANDAOYINGYINBANDENGDEKANYIN。LINGWAI,BUSHAODUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANLIUSANZAIMINJIAN,ZAIXIZANGDEMOUXIESIYUANLIYEFAXIANZANGYOUYUDUNHUANGZANGJINGDONGWENXIANTONGLEIDEDUNHUANGXIEJING[7]。YINCI,DALIANGBAOGUIZIYUANSHANGWEIYOUXIAOLIYONG,HAIXUYAOJINYIBUQUANMIANXITONGDEPUCHA。

       2.DINGMINGHEZHUIHE。WENXIANDEDINGMINGHEZHUIHESHIWENXIANZHENGLIDEZHUYAOHUANJIE。DUNHUANGZANGWENWENXIANZHONGHAIYOUDALIANGDEXIEBENWEIDINGMING,HUODINGMINGDUOYOUBUZHUNQUEDE,DUICIXUYAOZAIYANJIU,JIYUZHUNQUEDEDINGMING。BIRUP.T.228HAOWEIDINGMING,ZHILONGTONGDICHENGWEIFOJING,QISHISHI《RUPUSAXINGLUNDE》DECANPIAN;P.T96HAODINGMINGWEI《DACHENGWULIANGSHOUZONGYAOJING》,QISHISHI《FOSHUODACHENGWULIANGSHOUZHUANGYANJING》。YOUYUYOUXIEXIEJUANSILIECHENGLIANGJIANHUODUOJIANERFENBIESANZANGZAIBUTONGDEGUANZANG,BINGBIANLEBUTONGDEXUHAO,CILEIXIEJUANXUYAOZHUIHEWEIYI,ZAIXIANQIZUICHUZHIWANZHENGZHUANGTAI。BIRU“P.T.794HAOXIEBENCANPIANWANQUANNENGYUIOL.Tib.j.628HAOXIEBENJIANZHUIHE。”[8]

       3.XIEBENDEFENLEIBIANZUAN

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尚品棋牌YUANKANYU《ZHONGGUOZANGXUE》2016NIANDI3QI

       作者简介:

微信图片_20200212112131.jpg       桑吉东知,藏族,1989年1月生,青海循化人,文学博士,现任教于青海民族大学文学与新闻传播学院。2017年博士毕业于西北民族大学历史文化学院,其博士学位论文《敦煌藏文西方净土文献研究》,获2017年甘肃省优秀博士学位论文奖,先后在《中国藏学》、《西藏研究》、《藏学学刊》等刊物上用藏汉两种文字发表学术论文30余篇,2016年出版个人专著《藏族寓言小说研究》。

[1] 本文括号中的杂质均为藏文版,特此说明。

[2] P.T.1283中的ཕུ་བོས་ནུ་བོར་བཏམས་ཤིང་བསྟན་པའི་མདོ།此文的汉语论文名中译为《兄弟教诲录》,而学界一般汉译为《兄弟礼仪问答》。

[3] P.T.1283中的ཕུ་བོས་ནུ་བོར་བཏམས་ཤིང་བསྟན་པའི་མདོ།此文的汉语论文名中译为《兄长遗教》,而学界一般汉译为《兄弟礼仪问答》。

[4] 从作者考证的过程和所得的结论看,此处所写的年代应是公元645年,但却写成公元655年,可能是一种误写。

[5] 此部分参考了才让的《敦煌藏文文献编目整理、出版方面的成果回顾及未来研究趋势之展望》[J]一文,载《台大佛学研究》第22期,109-138。

[6] 马德主编:《甘肃藏敦煌藏文文献叙录》,兰州:甘肃民族出版社,2011年9月。

[7] 如西藏卓卡寺发现的《喇蚌经》。

[8] 索南:《敦煌藏文写本〈入菩萨行论〉研究》,博士学位论文,西北民族大学历史文化学院,2014年5月,第50页。