2018年5月10日,陈庆英教授做客上海师范大学宗教学重点学科讲座,演讲的主题是“汉藏佛教文化的历史交往”。讲座内容如下:

       GUANYUHANZANGFOJIAOWENHUAJIAOWANG,KEYIYOULIANGZHONGLIJIE。YIZHONGSHIHANCHUANFOJIAOHEZANGCHUANFOJIAOZHEILIANGGEDACHENGFOJIAODEBUTONGLIUPAIDEWENHUAJIAOWANG,YIZHONGSHIHANCHUANFOJIAOZAIZANGCHUANFOJIAODECHUANBODIQUDEHUODONGYIJIZANGCHUANFOJIAOZAIHANCHUANFOJIAODECHUANBODIQUDEHUODONG。CONGLISHISHANGKAN,ZAIYIXIETEDINGLISHIJIEDUANZHONGZHEILIANGZHONGJIAOWANGHUITONGSHICUNZAI,BUGUOHUIYIQIZHONGDEYIZHONGWEIZHU。

       一、吐蕃王朝时期的汉藏佛教交往

       QISHIJICHUDAOJIUSHIJIZHONGYEDETUFANWANGCHAO,SHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOXINGCHENGHEQIANQIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOSHIQI。ZHEIYISHIQIDEZHONGDASHIJIANWEITANGCHAODEWENCHENGGONGZHUHEJINCHENGGONGZHURUZANG,TUFANZHANLINGHEXILONGYOUDIQU。

       WENCHENGGONGZHUXIEDAISHIJIAMOUNIFOXIANGHEFOJIAOJINGDIANRUZANG,ZAITANG、FANZONGJIAOWENHUAJIAOLIUZHONGFAHUILEJIWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。GENJUWANQIZANGWENSHISHUZHONGDEYIBANSHUOFA,WENCHENGGONGZHUXINJIANLELASAXIAOZHAOSI,GONGFENGZAIDAZHAOSIDESHIJIAMOUNIFOXIANGSHIYOUWENCHENGGONGZHUCONGZHANGANDAIDAOTUFANDE。JINCHENGGONGZHUZAITUFANKAICHUANGLELIANGZHONGFOSHIHUODONG,JI“YEFOZHIGONG”HE“QIQIJIANWANG”,DUITUFANFOJIAODEZHIDUHUABINGJINYIBUSHENRUMINJIANFAHUILEYINGXIANG。TUFANZHANLINGHEXILONGYOUYIHOU,HEHANCHUANFOJIAOYOULEZHIJIEDEJIAOWANG,YIXIEHANCHUANFOJIAOSENGRENJINRUXIZANG,HUOZHEZAIDUNHUANGGANZHOU、LIANGZHOUDENGDIYIJING、XIEJING,CHUXIANLEFACHENG(GUI·QUEZHU)、MOHEYAN、HONG䛒ZHEIYANGDELISHIMINGREN,YIJIWANGXIZHUANXIEDE《DUNWUDACHENGZHENGLIJUE》FANYINGLEHANCHUANFOJIAOSENGRENZAITUFANHUODONGDEWENSHU。LINGWAI,ZANGWEN《DANGAMULU》(དཀར་ཆག་ལྡན་དཀར་མZUICHUCHENGWEILANGAMULUལྷན་ཀར་མ)ZHONGSHOUCUNYOUTUFANWANGCHAOSHIQIFANYIDELIUQIBAIZHONGFOJINGDEMULU,QIZHONGYIZIHANDIDEFOJINGYOU32ZHONG。XIZANGCHANGDOUCHAYAXIANDERENDAMOYASHIKE,ZANGWENTIJIXIAMIANCHUXIANJISHIGEZIDEHANWENDERENMING,SHUOMINGHANDIDEGONGJIANGHESENGRENZAITUFANCANJIAZAOXIANGKEJINGHUODONG。YUCIDUIYINGDESHI,XIZANGDIYIZUOFOFASENGJUQUANDESANGYESIDESANCENGDADIANFENBIECAIYONGTUFAN、HANDI、YINDUDEJIANZHUXINGSHI。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往1.jpg(拉萨小昭寺大殿)

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往2.jpg(大昭寺)

       二、宋代经过西夏的汉藏佛教交往

       TUFANWANGCHAOBENGKUIYIHOU,XIZANGDIQUJINGLILEJIANGJINYIBAINIANDEMIEFAQI,QIHOUCONGSHISHIJIMOKAISHIFOJIAOTONGGUOQINGHAIHEALILIANGLUZAICICHUANRUXIZANG,XINGCHENGZANGCHUANFOJIAODEHOUHONGQI。HOUHONGQIZHONGYOUYUZHENGZHIDEBUTONGYI,XINGCHENGLEZANGCHUANFOJIAODEZHONGDUODEJIAOPAI。ZHIDAOSHISANSHIJIZHONGYE,YUANCHAOTONGYIXIZANG,ZANGCHUANFOJIAOHEHANDIDEJIAOWANGZHUYAOTONGGUOZAIXIBEIDEXIXIAWANGCHAOJINXING。XIXIAWANGSHIZAIQIANQIZHUYAOJIESHOUDESHIHANDIDEFOJIAO,ZAIHOUBANQIZHUYAOJIESHOUDESHIZANGCHUANFOJIAO,YINCIXIXIACHENGWEIHANZANGFOJIAOWENHUAJIAOWANGDEQIAOLIANG。ZANGCHUANFOJIAOHEGUYOUDEHANCHUANFOJIAOCHUANTONGZAIXIXIADUOYUANKUANRONGDEZONGJIAOZHENGCEXIABINGXINGBUBEI,HEXIEGONGSHENG。ZANGWENSHIJI《XIANZHEXIYAN》JILULETUFANFOJIAOZHONGDEGAMAGAJUPAIHESAJIAPAIZAIXIXIAZHONGQISHOUDAOZHONGSHIHEFAZHANDESHISHI。XIZANGGAMAGAJUPAIDEDOUSONGQINBA(1110—1193NIAN)SHIGAIPAIDECHUZUFAWANG,TABUJINZAITUFANYOUHENDAYINGXIANG,YEHENSHOUXIXIARENZONGHUANGDIDECHONGJING。RENZONGQIANSHIRUZANGZHUANCHENGYINGQING,DOUSONGQINBAWEINENGQIANLAI,DANHAISHIPAIQIANDIZIGEXIZANGSUOWALAIDAOXIXIA。ZANGSUOWABEIXIXIAWANGZUNWEISHANGSHIHOU,JIUCHUANSHOUZANGCHUANFOJIAODEJINGYIHEYIGUI,BINGZUZHILILIANGDAGUIMOFANYIFOJING,HENSHOUCHONGXIN。HOULAI,DOUSONGQINBASUOCHUANGYOUMINGDECHUBUSIJIANBAIDENGZHEBANGBAOTASHI,XIXIAWANGYOUXIANCHIJIN、YINGLUOJICHUANG、GAIZHUZHONGSHIWU。DOUSONGQINBASIHOU,ZAIQITUPICHUJIANZAOJIXIANGJUMITA,ZANGSUOWAYOUZIXIXIAZUOGONGXIAN,YIJIN、TONGBAOSHICITA。YOUXIZANGSAJIAPAIZUSHIZHABAJIANZAN(1149—1216NIAN)DEDIZIJIONGBAWAGUOSHIJUEBEN,CENGBEIXIXIARENFENGWEISHANGSHI。

       FANYINGXIXIADEZANGCHUANFOJIAOWENHUADEWENWUXIANGDANGFENGFU,ZHUYAOWEIWENXIANHEHUIHUALIANGDALEI。YIJINNEIMENGGUEJINAQIHEISHUICHENGCHUTUWENWUZUIWEIFENGFU。HELANSHANZHONGXIXIASHIQIXIUJIANDEBAISIGOUFANGTAJIUSHINIANDAICHUTULEBUSHAOHANWENHEXIXIAWENFOJINGWENXIAN。QIZHONGDEWENXIANBUFENYOUXIXIAWENHEHANWENLIANGZHONGLEIXING,XIANJIAOBUFENZHUYAOYOUBANRUO、ZHUJING、ZHONGGUAN、YINMINGDENGBULEI,MIJIAOBUFENZESIDABUXUJUNYOUSHEJI,QIZHONGWUSHANGYUJIAMIXUDENEIRONGYIMUXUFAWEIZHU,WENXIANZHONGLEIHESHULIANGDOUFENGFU,RUSHANGLE、JINGANGHAIMU、KONGXINGMUDENGXIUXIYIGUI,SHIYIJUZHEIXIEXUBUWEIJICHUXIUXIDASHOUYIN、NEIRUOLIUFADEWENXIAN。TONGSHICHUTUDEHAIYOUBUSHAOHANWENFOJIAODIANJI,QIZHONGYEYOUBUSHAOHEZANGCHUANFOJIAOXIXIXIANGGUAN。《DACHENGYAODAOMIJI》SHIYIBUYOUYUANMINGQINGGONGTINGLIUCHUANDEMIZANGFOFAZHENBEN,YUANBEIRENDINGWEIYUANCHAOCHUNIANDISHIBASIBAJIYUANSHIZUCHUANFAMIZONGFABENDEHANYIBEN。SHIJISHANG,QIZHONGYOUCHUAN、YIZHEDE36PIANZHONGBASIBAJIZHUANDEZHIYOU4PIAN,YOUSHIJIPIANSHIZAIXIXIASHIQIFANYIWEIHANWENDE。ZAIBEIJINGFANGSHANYUNJUSIYOUYIZHONGXIXIASHIQIFANYI、MINGCHAOJUANKEDEZANGHANHEBIDE《SHENGSHENGHUIDAOBIANGONGDEBAOJIJIE》,SHOULIETIKUANERSHIERXING,ZAIWUWEIYOUFAXIANLECIWENDEXIXIAWENBEN。ZHEIZHONGZANG、HAN、XIXIASANZHONGWENZIDUIZHAODEJINGWENDECHUXIAN,SHUOMINGZAIXIXIADEHANZANGFOJIAOWENHUAJIAOWANGDEMIQIECHENGDU。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往3.jpg(《大乘要道密集》)

      XIXIAFOJIAOFAZHANDEYIDATEDIANSHIHUANGSHIDEZHIJIECANYU。ZAIHENDUOFANGMIANDUIFOJIAOSHIXINGJIAYIBAOHUHEYOURONGZHAOGUDEZHENGCE,BUSHAOZHONGYAOFOSHIHUODONGYIHUANGDI、HUANGTAIHOUDEMINGYISHISHI。MUQIANSUONENGJIANDAODEXIXIAHUANGDI、HUANGTAIHOUYUZHIDEHUODACHENFENGCHIZHUANXIEDEBEIMING、FAYUANWEN、FOJINGXUDENGYOUHENDUO。XIXIAZHENGFUDUIFOJIAOJIQISHANGCENGYEJIYIHENGAODEDIWEI,BINGQINGTAMENZHIJIECANYUFOJIAODEGUANLI,ZHEISHIXIXIAFOJIAOZHIDUDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOTEDIAN。XIXIAFOJIAOZHIDUZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEFOJIAOGUANLI,YOULIANGGEGUANLIFOJIAOSHIWUDEJIGOU,JISENGRENGONGDESI、CHUJIAGONGDESI。GEJIGUANLIJIGOUZHONGYOUSENGGUAN、SENGZHENG、SENGFU、SENGPAN、SENGLUDENGGUANWEIMINGCHENG。XIXIAFOJIAOFENGHAOZHIDUZHONGZUIZHONGYAOYESHIZUIGAODESHIHAOSHI“DISHI”。XIXIAHANWEN《ZAZI》GUANWEIDISHIQIZHONGLIEYOUDISHI、FASHI、SHANSHI,MUQIANCONGXINDEWENXIANZILIAOZHONGFAXIANDEXIXIADISHIYIJINGYOUWUWEI,TAMENSHI:XIANJUEDISHIBOLUOXIANSHENG、DISHISHAMENHUIXUAN、DACHENGXUANMIDISHI、MIAOJUEJIZHAODISHI、ZHENYUANZHENZHENGDISHI。ZANGWENZILIAOZHONGHAIYOUYIWEIDISHIREBA,SHIGAJUPAIBARONGGAJUDEGAOSENG。XIXIADE“GUOSHI”BUJINSHIXIXIAHUANGDIZHISHIDEMINGHAO,HAISHIXIXIAFOJIAOGUANLIJIGOUDELIANGZHONGGONGDESIZHENGZHIDEZHIXIAN。XIXIADUISENGRENYOUCIYIDEZHIDU。《TIANSHENGLVLING》ZHONGGUIDINGSENGREN、DAOSHIZHONGCIHUANG、HEI、FEI、ZIZHEKEYIJIANZUI,QIZHONGCIHUANG、HEIZHEJIANZUIDUO,CIFEI、ZIZHEJIANZUISHAO,KEJIANCIHUANG、CIHEIZHEDIWEIGAOYUCIFEI、CIZIZHE。

       三、元代汉藏佛教文化交往

       YUANCHAOSHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDIYIGEYOUSHAOSHUMINZUJIANLIDEDAYITONGWANGCHAO。YOUYUYUANDAIXIZANGBEIZHENGSHINARUYUANCHAOBANTUHEYUANCHAODUIXIZANGDEJUTISHIZHENGYIJIXIZANGHEZUGUONEIDIZHIJIANGUANYUAN、SENGREN、SHANGJIADEXIANGHULAIWANG,JINYIBUTUIDONGLEXIZANGHENEIDIZHIJIANDEJINGJI、ZHENGZHIHEWENHUAKEJIDEQUANMIANJIAOLIUFAZHAN,GONGTONGCUJINHEFANRONGLEBAOKUOLEZANGZU、MENGGUZUZAINEIDETONGYIDEDUOYUANDEZHONGHUAMINZUWENHUA。YUANDAIHANZANGFOJIAOWENHUADEJIAOWANGJIUSHIZAIZHEIYIDABEIJINGXIAZHANKAIDE。

尚品棋牌      CONGCHENGJISIHANYILAI,MENGGUTONGZHIZHEXINFENGCHUANTONGDESAMANJIAO,DANDUIQITAGEZHONGZONGJIAO,YEDOUCAIQUKUANRONGTAIDU,ZHIYAOBUWEIJIQITONGZHI,DOUYUYIBAOHUHELIYONG。TEBIESHIHUBILIEJIWEIHOU,ZANGCHUANFOJIAOSAJIAPAIZAIYUANCHAOCHAOTINGHEHUANGSHIZHONGSHOUDAOZUNCHONG,ZAIYUANDAIHANZANGFOJIAOWENHUAJIAOLIUZHONGJUYOUTESHUDEZHUDAODIWEI。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:RENYUANLAIWANGSHANGDONGLAIDEDUO,XIQUDESHAO;WENHUACHUANBOSHANGZANGCHUANFOJIAOCHUANRUHANDIDEDUO,HANCHUANFOJIAOCHUANRUZANGQUDESHAO;FOJIAOLINGXIURENWUZANGCHUANFOJIAODEDUO,ERQIEDIWEIGAOYUHANSENG。ZHEIYISHIQICUJINHANZANGFOJIAOJIAOWANGDETUCHURENWUJIUSHIDISHIBASIBA。

尚品棋牌       (YI)  BASIBAQIRENJIZHUYAOSHIJI

尚品棋牌       1.BASIBADESHENGPING

       BASIBAQUANMINGBASIBALUOZHUIJIANZAN(1235-1280),YOUNIANSANGFU,GENCONGBOFUSAJIABANZHIDA(SAJIAPAIDISIRENZUSHI)XUEXIDUXIEJIFOXUE,YICONGMINGYINGWUZHUCHENG。TA3SUISHIJINENGNIANSONGZHOUYU,8SUINENGBEISONGFOBENSHENGJING,9SUISHIZAISENGZHONGJIHUISHANGJIANGSHUO《XIJINGANGXUDIERPIN》,SHIZHONGRENTANFU,CHENGTAWEI“BASIBA”(vphags-pa,YIWEISHENGZHE)。SHISUISHISUIBOFUSAJIABANZHIDAQULIANGZHOUHUIJIANMENGGUHUANGZIKUODUAN。TUJINGLASASHIBASIBAYISAJIABANZHIDAHESUPUBAWEISHISHOUSHAMIJIECHUJIA,QIFAMINGWEILUOZHUIJIANZAN。1251NIANDIJICHENGSAJIABANZHIDACHENGWEISAJIAPAIDIWURENZUSHI。1253NIANZAILIUPANSHANHUIJIANZHUNBEIYUANZHENGYUNNANDEHUBILIE。1254NIANZHUISUIHUBILIEDAOKAIPING。1257NIANDAOWUTAISHANCHAOLI,CANJIASENGDAOBIANLUN。1260NIANDAOZHONGDOU(JINBEIJING)。1260NIANHUBILIEJIWEI,FENGBASIBAWEIGUOSHI,LINGZONGZHIYUANSHI。1264NIANFANHUISAJIA,JIANLIXIZANGXINGZHENGTIZHI。1267NIANDONGSHENFANHUIDADOU,XIALINGXINGJIANSAJIANANSI。1269NIANDIDAODADOU,XIANMENGGUXINZI(BASIBAZI),JINFENGWEIDISHI。1273NIANYOUHUANGTAIZIZHENJINPEITONGFANHUIXIZANG。1277NIANZAIQUMIJUXINGYOUQIWANSENGRENCANJIADEFAHUI,ZHENJINDAIBIAOHUBILIEDANRENFAHUISHIZHU。1280NIAN11YUE22RIZAISAJIASIDELAKANGLAZHANGZHONGYINGNIANYUANJI,CHAOYESHANGXIAWUBUEWANTONGXI,BUSHENGZHENDAO,ZHUIHUAIJIUDE,WEIQIXIUJIANLINGTA,TONGSHIXIALINGGEJUNXIANJIANDISHIBASIBADIAN,SUISHIZHIHENG。“ZHIZHIJIAN,TEZHAOJUNXIANJIANMIAOTONGSI。TAIDINGYUANNIAN,YOUYIHUIXIANGSHIYI,BANGEXINGSHENG,WEIZHISUXIANG”,“QIZHISHIKONGZIYOUJIA。”YUANCHAODEHUIZHONGBIANDE《BAIZHANGQINGGUI》LIZAIYOUBASIBANIEPANRIDEFAHUIYISHIHESONGWEN。QISHUYUWEI:“TIANQIYOUYUAN,DUSHENGFUZHIZHIDASHENG,DAOZUNWUSHANG,SHIWEIXUANWENZHIFAWANG。MIZAN:‘HUAJIYINYIWANGDU,TUCIWEIJING,JUZUWEIFA,WEIJUQIANFOZHIZHONG。BOHOUPEIDI,GAOMINGPEITIAN,ZUNJIYIRENZHISHANG。WEIZISHENGJI,YIYANGENGUANG。’FUYUAN:ZHONGJIAYUANLUN,ZANSIHAITONGWENZHIZHIHUA,JUANYANXIANGJI。ZHENQIANGUZHENGFAZHIZONGGANG。”

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往4.jpg(萨迦南寺)

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往5.jpg(白居寺壁画忽必烈会见八思巴)

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往6.jpg(八思巴生平唐卡)

       2.BASIBAHEFOJIAOWENHUAJIAOLIU

       BASIBASHIDIYIWEIDAOSHANXIWUTAISHANDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOLINGXIU,ZHUANXIELEZANGWENDEWUTAISHANZANSONGDUOPIAN,KAICHUANGLEYUAN、MING、QINGSANCHAOZANGZUGAOSENGYUWUTAISHANDELIANXI。1258NIANBASIBAZUOWEIFOJIAOFANGMIANDEZHUYAODAIBIAOZHIYICANJIAHUBILIEFENGMENGGEHANZHIMINGZAIKAIPINGZHUCHIDESHIDAOBIANLUN《LAOZIHUAHUJING》DEZHENWEIDEDAHUI,TAZHIJIECANJIAWENNAN,SHIDAOSHILIZHICHANGDENGSHIQIRENCIQIONGRENSHU,BAITAWEISHI,TIFACHUJIAWEISENG,DUIFOJIAOHUOSHENGQILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。1267NIANXIALINGDONGGONGXINGJIANSAJIADADIAN,XINGZHILEISIHANDIDEDOUYI,YOUCIXINGCHENGLELIUCUNZHIJINDEGUIMOHONGWEIDESAJIANANSI(QUANGUODIYIPIZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEIZHIYI)。WEIHUBILIEDENGHUANGSHICHENGYUANXIEJING、ZHUANXIEZANSONG,KAIQIYUANMINGQINGHUANGSHIHEZANGCHUANFOJIAOXIEZAOHAOHUAFOJINGDECHUANTONG。BASIBAZIJIEHELEHANWEN、MENGGUWEN、WEIWUERWENDESHUXIEXIGUAN,BINGKAOLVLEHANYU、MENGGUYU、WEIWUERYUDEYUYINTEDIANCHUANGZHILEMENGGUXINZI,ZAICHUANGZHIHOUDADAOLEKEYITOURUSHIYONGDECHENGDU,BINGJIBENSHANGDADAOLEYIXIEGEZUWENZIDEMUDE。ZHEIDUIYUHANYUCIHUIJINRUMENGGUYU、ZANGYU、WEIWUERYUYIJIZANG、MENGGU、WEIWUERDENG,MINZUDECIHUIJINRUHANYUTIGONGLEHENDADEFANGBIAN。MENGGUXINZICHUANGZHICHENGGONGHOU,HUBILIELIJIXIAZHAOBANXING。YUANCHAODEZHAOZHI、GONGWEN、YINZHANG、PAIFU、QIANBI、BEIWENSHANGGUANGFANSHIYONGGUOZHEIZHONGBASIBACHUANGZAODEMENGGUXINZI,YINCIYUANDAIDANRENGUANLIDERENBIXUYAORENSHIMENGGUXINZI,SUOYITAYOUBEICHENGWEIYUANCHAODE“GUOZI。”YUANCHAOHAIZAIGEDISHELI“MENGGUZIXUE”,TUIXINGMENGGUXINZI。QIFENGMINGZAODETAIMIAOMUZHIJINBIAOPAIWEI,YIMENGGUXINZISHUXIEDIHOUMINGHAO,BINGJIANFOSHIYUTAIMIAOQIZHOUYE。YOUZAIDAMINGDIANHUBILIEDEYUZUOSHANGJIANBAISANGAI,NIJINSHUXIEFANZHOUYUQISHANG,HAICHANGJIANMEINIAN2YUEJUXINGGUIMOSHENGDADEYINGBAISANGAIFO,ZHOUYOUJINGCHENGNEIWAIDEHUODONG,XINGCHENGDADOUHESHANGDOUGUIMOHONGDADEFOJIAOJIEQINGHUODONG。TAHAIZHUANXIE《GENBENSHUOYIQIEYOUBUCHUJIASHOUJINYUANJIEMOYIGUI》,YICHENGHANWENHOUKEBANYINXING,BANFAGELUSENGRENZUNXING。BASIBAWEIHANDI、MENGGU、XIXIA、GAOLI、DALI、WEIWUERDE4QIANYURENTIDUSHOUJIE,HONGCHUANFOFA。TAXIALINGGUANGFANSHOUJIGEZHONGZANGWENFOJIAOJINGLUNHEGUJI,ZAISAJIASIZUZHICHAOXIE,QIZHONGYOUBUSHAOSHINIJINSHUXIEZAICIQINGZHISHANG,YIQIUZHANGQIBAOCUN,SAJIADADIANXIANCUNDEDALIANGHUAGUIJINGDIAN,DUOSHUWEIDANGSHIXIEZAO,WEIBAOCUNHEFAZHANZANGZUWENHUAZUOCHUZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,TONGSHIHAISHOUJIDAODALIANGDEFANWENXIEJING(BEIYEJING),BAOCUNZAISAJIASIZHONG,CHENGWEIFOJIAOWENHUADEXISHIZHIBAO。JIANGZIJIDUIHUANGTAIZIZHENJINSUOSHUODEFOFAHUIJIWEI《ZHANGSUOZHILUN》,ZAIYUANDAIJIYOUQIDIZISHALUOBAHANYI,SHOURUYUANDAIKANKEDEHANWENDAZANGJINGZHONG。ZHICHIQIDIZIXIONGYISHIDUOJIJIANZANDENGRENDAONIBOER、YINDUXUEXIFANWEN,FANYILE《ZHANTUOLUOBOZIJING》JIQIZHUSHI、《YUMENBIANRU》、《YUFALUN·GEZHUCIPIN》、《SHIJINGLUN》、《FOBENSHENGJI·RUYIBAOSHU》HEFANJUJUBEN《LONGXIJI》,WEIZANGZUWENXUEDEXINFAZHANTIGONGLELIANGHAOTIAOJIAN。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往7.jpg(白居寺八思巴木雕像)

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往8.jpg(用八思巴字书写的诏书)

       3.BASIBAHEHANZUSENGRENDEJIAOWANG

       BASIBASUOJIAOWANGDERENSHIZHONGHAIYOUBUSHAOHANDIDEWENRENHEXUEWENSENG。LIRUHUBILIESUOQINXINDEFOJIAOSENGRENCHUSHENDEDACHENLIUBINGZHONG,YIJIYAOSHUDENGREN,JIUYUBASIBAYOUGUOJIAOWANG。LINGWAI,ZAI《SAJIAWUZUQUANJI》ZHONGJIZAI,1270NIANYOUYIGEBASIBADEDIZI、SICHUANDEHANZUSENGRENYIJIANGZHU(yi-gyang-ju)KEYINFOJIAOJINGZANGWANCHENG,QINGBASIBATIXIEZANYU,ZANYUZHONGSHUO:“MENGGUZHIZHUZITAIZUQIDIWUCHUANWEIJUZUGONGDEZHIHUANGDIHAN,QIZAIWEIZHIZHIYUANQINIAN,FAZHUSAJIABASUOCHUANBASIBADISHIZHIDIZI、SHENGYUSICHUANDIFANGDEYIJIANGZHU,XIXINXUEXIFOFA,DUIHANDI、TUFAN、NIBOER、YINDUDENGDIQUZHISHENGDIJIXUEZHESHENGQIZHENGJIAN,CONGBIDENGCHUHUOSHOUENDE,SIYOUYIBAODA,NAIJIANGFOFAJINGLUNKEYINWANBI,CHENGJIUYIDASHANYE。YUANYINCISHANYESHIJIAOFABIANHONG、FOTUOZHIYIYUANCHENGJIU、HUANGDIBIXIAZHANGSHOU、YIJIAOFAHUCHIGUOZHENG、GUOTUQINGJINGANLE。CIWENNAIYINYIJIANGZHUYIZAIQUANQING,BIQIUBASIBAWEISHANYEZHIGUXIECHENG。YUANGEFANGYIQIEJIXIANG!”JU《FOZUTONGZAI》,CIYIJIANGZHUDANGJISHISICHUANHANSENGYUANYI,GAISHUJIZAI:“SHUSENGYUANYIYOUXITIANHUI,CHAODI,DIWENYUN,XITIANYOUFOMO,ZOUYUN,DANGJINDONGTUSHENGMINZHU,HEYIXITIANXIDADUO。YUANYIYIXITIANZHUOCHENGYUSHIFOXIANGXIANDI,DIBAOZHIYUWANSHANGONGYANG。YUANYIYIXITIANBEIDUOYEJINGXIANDI,DICHUYIQIBAOHAN,YANJIAXINYANG。”KEJIANSHIYIGEDAOGUOYINDUDEHANSENG,BINGDUIYONGFANWENXIECHENGDEBEIYEJINGYOULEJIE。YUANYIHAICENGJINGHEHUBILIE、BASIBAZAIYIQIJIANGFA,《FOZUTONGZAI》SHUO:“DIYUDISHIZUOCI,YIKANGERSENGSHICE。DIYUN:‘HEBUYOUXISANMEI?’KANGYIYINIANXIAO,YUN:‘CONGXIAOZHIDAWEICI。’YISUIYUN:‘HAIQINGSHENZHIXIAO,TIANESHENZHIDA,HAIQINGCHETIANFEI,TIANESHENGJUPA。’KANGYUN:‘ZHUTUNSHENZHIXIAO,XIANGWANGSHENZHIDA,XIANGJIANTUNLAIQI,ZHIXIANGDAQIANJIE。’DISHIYUN:‘WOYIDAQIANJIE,HUAWEIYIFUWENG,ZHUERSIJIANWU,DAXIAODOURONGLE。’DIDAYUE。”GUANYUKANGJIXIANG(JIHUAYANZONGSENGXINGYU),《YUANSHI·SHIZUJI》ZAI:ZHIYUANSHISANNIAN(1276NIAN)ERYUEYUANJUNRULINAN,CINIANERYUE"ZHAOYISENGKANGJIXIANG、LIANZHENJIAJIAWABINGWEIJIANGNANZONGSHE,ZHANGSHIJIAO",RUGUOZHEIYIJIZAISHUSHI,KEJIANZAIHUBILIEHEBASIBADERICHANGJIAOTANZHONG,MENG、ZANG、HANYUWENDEFANYIDADAOLESHIFENKUAIJIEHEZHUNQUEDEHENGAODESHUIPING。

        4.BASIBADEDIZI

        GAANIANDANBA·GONGGAZHABA。《YUANSHI》ZHONGCHENGTAWEIDANBAGUOSHI。《DANBABEI》SHUO:“SHISUOSHENGZHIDI,YUETUGANSIDANMA(ZAIJINQINGHAISHENGYUSHUZANGZUZIZHIZHOUCHENGDUOXIAN)。TONGZICHUJIASHISHENGSHICHUOLIZHEWAWEIDIZI,SHOUMINGDANBA。FANYANDANBA,HUAYANWEIMIAO。XIANSHOUMIMIJIEFA,JIYOUXITIANZHUGUO,BIANCANGAOSENG,SHOUJING、LV、LUN,YOUSHISHENRUFAZHAOMENGFUHAI,BOCAIDAOYAO,XIANMILIANGRONG,KONGSHIJIANZHAO,DULISANJIE,SHIZHONGBIAODE。ZHIYUANQINIAN,YUDISHIBASIBAJUZHIZHONGGUO。DISHIZHE,NAISHENGSHIZHIKUNDIZIYE。”DANBAHOULAIZHUXIWUTAISHAN、DADOUDENGDI,XIUMAHAGALAFA,ZHUYOUYUANJUNGONGDANANSONG,SHOUHUBILIEJIYUANCHENGZONGZUNCHONG,SHOUFENGWEIGUOSHI。TASHOUDANRENZAIXIANGDESANGGEDEPAIJIBEIBIANDAOGUANGDONGCHAOZHOU,ZHUKAIYUANSICHUANFA。1290NIAN,DANBAGUOSHIXIESHISENGXIJIANZANGZAICHAOZHOUJIANLILEBAOJISI,“DIANYUJIWAN,SHISHOUSUFANXIANG,ZHAIWANSENGYIQINGZANZHI”SANGGEDAOTAIHOUBEIZHAOHUI。TATUJINGHANGZHOUSHICHENGWEIZAIHANGZHOUKEYINPUNINGZANGDAZANGJINGDEGONGDEZHUZHIYI。TAYUANJIHOUBEIZHUIFENGWEI“DAJUEPUCIGUANGZHAOWUSHANGDISHI”。《DANBABEI》YOUYUANDAIZHUMINGSHUFAJIAZHAOMENGFUSHUXIE,CHENGWEIHANWENSHUFADECHUANSHIJINGPIN。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往9.jpg(赵孟頫书法)

尚品棋牌        SANGGE。ZANGWENSHIJISHUOSANGGECHUSHENYUGANQINGZANGQUDEXIANGCHUANSHITUFANWANGCHAOXUSHOUBIANJINGYINWEIMEIYOUDEDAOZANPUMINGLINGERMEIYOUFANHUIXIZANGDEZANGZU“GAMALUO”BULUO,YINWEIJINGTONGDUOZHONGYUYAN,DANRENYIMINGYILI,HOULAIZAIHANZANGJIAOJIECHUDEYULUGUODEBASIBA,SHOUBASIBASHANGSHI,BEIBASIBADAIHUISAJIASI。HOUYINBASIBADETUIJIAN,SHOUDAOHUBILIEDECHONGXIN,LIUZAICHAOTINGDANGGUAN。BEITISHENGWEIZONGZHIYUANSHI,CENGLVBINGRUZANGPINGLUAN。1287NIANBEIHUBILIERENMINGWEI“SHANGSHUYOUCHENGXIANG,JIANZONGZHIYUANSHI,LINGGONGDESHISISHI,JINJIEJINZIGUANGLUDAFU”,SHILISHISHANGWEIYIDEYIGEZAIZHONGYANGWANGCHAODANRENGUOZAIXIANGZHIWUDEZANGZURENSHI。

       ZHABAESE。BASIBASANBUDIZIZHONGDEKANGSAICHUANCHENGDEZHUYAORENWU。RENBASIBADEQUEBEN(ZHANGZONGJIAOJISISHIWUDESHICONG),CENGJIDUCONGSAJIADAODADOU,HOULAIZAIYUANCHENGZONGSHIDANRENDISHI。QUEBENSHIBASIBA1267NIANRUCHAOSHISHEZHIDESHISANZHONGSHICONGZHIYI,KEJIANZHABAESEYEZAICISHISUIBASIBADAODADOU。

尚品棋牌       YENIANGUOSHIZHANYANGYISI。TAKENENGSHI《HONGSHI》SUOSHUODEBASIBASANBUDIZIZHONGXIAERLAZHANGDELAMAYIXIJIANZAN,SUIBASIBARUCHAOHOUCENGRENHUBILIEHEHUANGZIMANGGALADEZONGJIAOSHANGSHI。TAHOULAICANJIA1285NIANKAISHIDEZANGHANFOJIAODAZANGJINGDIANDEDUIKANGONGZUO,《ZHIYUANFABAOKANTONGZONGLU》JIUCHENGTAWEI“XIFANBANDIDADISHIBAHESIBAGAODIYENIANGUOSHIZHANYANGYISI”。

       YANGLIANZHENJIA。XIXIAREN,TAYESHIBASIBADEDIZI。XIXIADEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSENGRENWANGWANGJIANTONGZANGHANYUWEN,CHENGWEIGOUTONGZANGHANFOJIAODEZHONGJIE。YUANCHAOTONGYIJIANGNANHOU,HUBILIERENMINGTAWEIJIANGNANSHIJIAOZONGTONG,GUANLIJIANGNANFOJIAOSHIWU。TAANZHAOHUBILIEDEZHIYIFAJUENANSONGDIWANGLINGQIN,ZAISHIJIZHONGLIUXIAEMING。DANSHISHIJISHANGTADUIZANGCHUANFOJIAOZAIJIANGNANDECHUANBO,QILEKAICHUANGDEZUOYONG。TAZAIJIANGNANDALITUIXINGZANGCHUANFOJIAO,ZAIREN15NIANJIAN,ZAIHANGZHOUJIANLILEZHONGDUOSIYUAN,HUIFUFOSISANSHIYUSUO。HANGZHOUFEILAIFENGSHIKUZHONGXIANCUNDE46ZUNZANGCHUANFOJIAOZAOXIANGJIUSHI1282-1292NIANJIANZAITADECHANGDAOXIAJUANKEERCHENG。LEISIYUTADEBASIBADEXIXIADIZI,YINGDANGHAIYOUBUSHAO。

       ANIGE。  NIBOERREN,TAZAIZHONGTONGNIANJIANCONGNIBOERDAOXIZANGZAOFOTA,BASIBA1265NIANFANHUISAJIASHICHENGWEIBASIBADEDIZI,SUIBASIBADAODADOU。《YUANSHI》SHUOTASONGXIFOSHU,ZHANGYUGONGYI,HOULAIZAIYUANCHAORENZHI,DADOUDEXUDUOFOXIANGDOUSHICHUYUTADESHOUYI,YILIUZHIJINDEYOUZHUMINGDEBEIJINGBAITASIDEDAFOTA。ANIGEDEZISUNHEDIZILIUYUANDOUSHIYUANDAIZHUMINGDEDIAOSUJIAHEGUANLIGONGYIDEGUANYUAN。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往10.jpg(阿尼哥)

尚品棋牌       SHALUOBA(1259-1314)。TADEMINGZIKENENGSHIZANGWENDESHIJIALUOZHUI(shakya-blo-gros-dpal-bzang-po)DESUOCHENG(sha-blo-dpal),HEXIQINZHOUREN,QIFUZUDOUSHIDANGDIDEFOJIAOYISHI,DANGSHIJINGTONGHANZANGYUWENDEZANGZURENSHI。TAYOUNIANSUIBASIBADAOSAJIAXUEXI,CHENGWEIBASIBADEDIZI,CISHISUIRANHAIHENNIANYOU,BUGUOSHIER、SANSUI,YOUSUIBASIBADAODADOU。“SHIZUHUANGDICHANGSHOUJIAOYUDISHIFASIBA,ZHAOSHIYIYU,CIZHIMINGBIAN,YUNQIESHENGZHONG,ZHAOCIDABIANGUANGZHIFASHI。”HOULAISHALUOBAZAIYUANCHAOGONGZHI,CENGRENJIANGZHEDENGCHUSHIJIAODOUZONGTONG,YIFANYIHANZANGFOJIAODIANJIZHUMING,ZAI《DAZHENGXINXIUDAZANGJING》KEZHAODAOSHALUOBAFANYIDELIUZHONGFODIAN。TACENGDAILINGJIANGNANFOJIAOGAOSENG、SIYUANZHUCHIDENGRENDAODADOUCHAOJIANYUANCHAOHUANGDI。TASHIBASIBADEZHANGSUOZHILUNDEFANYIZHE。HEHANDIWENRENGAOSENGGUANXIHENHAO。DANGSHIDEHANLINXUESHICHENGJUFUYEDUISHALUOBAPEIFUBUYI,CENGZHUANMENXIEYISHOUSHIZANMEITA,QUANSHIYUN:

QINZHOUFASHISHALUOBA,QIANSHENKONGSHIJIUMOLUO; 

DUSHUSONGJINGYUWUCHE,DONGSHIKONGSHIWEIYIJIA。  

尚品棋牌DIWENQIRENZHENGZIXIA,BIANYONGJINGJINSHIMOJIA;  

SHIRENYANYANRUOKONGHUA,WOZIYISHANKANFUKUA。 

XIONGWENDAZHANGLANRUXIA,YOURUHUANGHEFAKUNA;  

SHIFANGHAOHAOGUANLIUBO,WUHUZUNJINGYUJIAKE。  

SHOUZHAOFANYIWULIUXIA,CISHENYIAOJIYANMO; 

GONGLIYIBEIHENGHESHA,JINGCHENGPIANRANMIAOLIANHUA。 

DAGUANCHONGXIZHENFUJU,SHEWOJINGQUBUKEZHE; 

尚品棋牌QINGTIANDANGDANGRIYUESHE,HESHINENGLAIZHUCHUNCHA?

尚品棋牌       GUANZHUBASHIZAIJIANGNANHUODONGDELINGWAIYIWEIZHUMINGZANGCHUANFOJIAOGAOSENG。GUANZHUBA,YOUZUOGUANZHUBAHUOGUANCHUBA,YUANRENYOUZUNCHENGQIWEIGUANGFUDASHI。JUKAOZHENG,“TAJISHIBUSHIDANGSHIDISHIZHIXIDESAJIALAMA,YESHISAJIAYIPAIZHONGYAOGAOSENG。”DADELIUNIAN(1302)ZHIDADESHINIAN(1306)NIANJIAN,TAXIANHOUZAIJIANGSUQISHAYANSHENGSIHEHANGZHOULUDAWANSHOUSIDIAOYINHELIUTONGLEDALIANGDEHANWEN、XIXIAWENHEZANGWENFOJING。AN《QISHAZANG》DAZANGJING《DAZANGSHENGJIAOFABAOBIAOMU》JUAN9MO《GUANZHUBAYUANWEN》,“GUANZHUBALEINIANFAXIN,YINSHIHANBEN、HEXIZIDAZANGJINGBA(WU)SHIYUZANG,HUAYANZHUJINGCHAN、FOTUDENGXIFANZISANSHIYUJIANJINGWENWAI,JINJIANPINGJIANGLUQISHAYANSHENGSIDAZANGJINGBANWEIWAN,SHIZHONGTONGCHAOERBAIDINGJIMUYUANDIAOKAN,WEIJIYINIANYIMANQIANYOUYUJUAN,ZAIFAXINYUDADOUHONGFASIQUMIMIJINGLVLUNSHUBAIYUJUAN,SHICAISANBAIDING,RENGMUYUANYUHANGZHOULU,KANDIAOWANBEI。”GUANZHUBASHIKANDEFOJINGSHEJIHANWEN、ZANGWENHEXIXIAWENDEXIAN、MIFOJINGHEBANHUACHATU,LIUTONGDELINGYUHANGAIJIANGNAN、XIBEI、XINAN,SHENZHISHIZANGQU,DUIYUFOJIAO、YOUQISHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOZAIYUANDAINEIDIDECHUANBOHEDUOMINZUWENHUADEJIAOLIU,GONGXIANMIDUO。QIZHONG,《QISHAZANG》、《PUNINGZANG》HE《HEXIZIDAZANGJING》ZHONGDEBANHUAKANCHENGYUANDAIBANHUAJINGPIN,BUFENZUOPINWANZHENGBAOCUNZHIJIN。

       ALUHUNSALI。WEIWUREN,QIFUQITAISALIJINGTONGFOJIAO,CENGRENSHIJIAODOUZONGTONG、TONGZHIZONGZHIYUANSHI。 《YUANSHI》ZESHUO:“ALUHUNSALIQI(QITAISALI)ZHONGZIYE,YIFUZIWEIQUANSHI,YOUCONGHUI,SHOUYEYUGUOSHIBAHASIBA,JITONGQIXUE,QIEJIEZHUGUOYU。SHIZUWENQICAI,BIXIZHONGGUOZHIXUE,YUJINGSHIBAIJIAJIYINYANGLISHUTUWEIFANGJIZHISHUOJIETONGXIZHI。HOUSHIYUZONG,RUSUWEI,SHENJIANQIZHONG。”HOULAIALUHUNSALIRENJIXIANGUANXUESHI、JIANTAISHIYUANSHI,FUZEYANLANRENCAIJIXUESHUWENZHANG。BINGZAISANGGEDANRENYUANSHIZUHUBILIEDEZAIXIANGSHI,ALUHUNSALIYUQITONGRENZAIXIANG。SANGGEBAIHOU,ALUHUNSALISUISHOUQIANLIANERBAXIANG,DANSHIRENGSHOUHUBILIEXINYONG,DAOYUANCHENGZONGSHIZAIDUCHURENZAIXIANG。

       JIALUNADASI。WEIWUERZUREN,《YUANSHI》JUANYISANSIYOUTADECHUANJI,SHUOTASHI“WEIWUERREN。TONGTIANZHUJIAOJIZHUGUOYU。HANLINXUESHIANZANGZHAYADASIJIANYUSHIZU,ZHAORUCHAO。MINGYUGUOSHIJIANGFA。GUOSHIXIFANREN,YANYUBUXIANGTONG,DIYINMINGJIALUNADASICONGGUOSHIXIQIFAJIYANYUZI,QINIANJIETONG。YIWEIWUZIYIXITIAN、XIFANJINGLUN,JICHENG,JINQISHU,DIMINGQINBAN,CIZHUWANGDACHEN。”JIALUNADASIYESHIBASIBADEYIMINGWEIWUERZUDIZI。TAYECANJIAGUOZANGHANWENFOJINGDEDUIKANGONGZUO,DANRENZANGWENFANYI。YUANCHENGZONGSHITASHOUFENGWEIDASITU,ZAIDADOUBAITASIZHUANMENFANYIFOJING。

尚品棋牌       (ER)DAOXIZANGCHUJIADESONGSHAODIYINGGUOGONGZHAOXIAN

尚品棋牌       1276NIAN,MENGGUJUNJINZHANLINAN,CISHIDESONGGONGDIZHAOXIANHAIBUMANLIUSUI,JIUSUIZHEMUQINQUANHUANGHOU、ZUMUXIETAIHUANGTAIHOUJIQITACHAOGUAN、GONGTINGRENYUANYITONGSONGDAOLEBEIJING。HENKUAI,HUBILIEZHAOJIANLETA,FENGTAWEIYINGGUOGONG。HUBILIECENGMINGZHAOXIANJIAOQUQUANJIANGWENTIANXIANGWEIGUO。 1282NIAN,ZHAOXIANYIJING12SUI,CONGBEIJINGBEIQIANSONGDAOSHANGDOUKAIPINGSHENGHUOLE6NIAN。1288NIAN,MING“YINGGUOGONGZHAOXIANXUEFOFAYUTUFAN”,QIMUQUANHUANGHOUBEILINGCHUJIAWEINI。ZANGWENCAILIAOZHONGJIZAIZHAOXIANSHIJIUSUIDAOXIZANGLAMAMIAOLICHUJIA,BEICHENGWEI“HEZUN”,JICHUSHENYUDIWANGJIADESENGREN。TACHENGWEIBAHANWENFODIANYICHENGZANGWENDEFANYIJIA,BINGQIEHAIDANRENGUOSAJIADASIDEZONGCHI,FANYILE《BAIFAMINGMENLUN》,DUIKANZHONGYI《YINMINGRUZHENGLILUN》DENG,CHENGWEIDANGSHIXIZANGDEFOXUEDASHI。NEITANGBANZANGWENFOJING《YINMINGZHENGLILUN》DEBAZHONGSHUO:“DAHANWANGZHECHUJIASENGRENHEZUNFABAO,ZAIJUJIXIANGSAJIADASI,QUHANWENBENYUFANZIBENERZHESHANWEIDUIKAN,XIUDINGBINGZHENGQUEFANYIZHI,HANWENBENMINGWEI《RUZHENGLILUN》,ERWANJINFANDIZHURENMINGZHIWEI《ZHENGLIMENLUN》。”GUANYUTADEJIEJU,《FOZULIDAITONGZAI》JIZAI:"ZHIZHISANNIANSIYUE,CIYINGGUOGONGHEZUNSIYUHEXI,ZHAOSENGRUJINSHUZANGJING。"GENJU《HONGSHI》、《XINHONGSHI》《YINMINGZHENGLILUN》DENG:“XUESHANHUANGDI(SHIZU)DENGJIZHIZHIYUANSHISANNIAN,SHIMANZINANSONGYOUZHUDENGWEISANNIAN,BOYANCHENGXIANGJINQUQIGUOTU,YOUZHUHUANGDIBEIFAQIANZHISASIJIADIFANGCHUJIAWEISENG。HOUZHIGEJIANHUANGDI(YINGZONG)ZHISHI,SHAZHI,CHUBAIXUEYAN”。“HOUWUMANZIDIFANG,WANGTONGBACHUAN,JIZHIWUMANZIHEZUNZHIZHONGJIANYE”。“DAHANWANGZHECHUJIASENGRENHEZUNFABAO,ZAIJUJIXIANGSASIJIADASI,QUHANWENBENYUFANZIBENERZHESHANWEIDUIKAN,XIUDINGBINGZHENGQUEFANYIZHI,HANWENBENMINGWEI《RUZHENGLI》,ERWANJINFANDIZHURENMINGZHIWEIZHENGLIMENLUNYUN”。DACANGZONGBA—BANJUESANGBU《HANZANGSHIJI》ERER《DAMENGGUZHIWANGTONGZONGSHU》:“XIANQIAN,DANGHANGZHOUGONGDIANBEIMENGGURENHUOSHAOZHISHI,MANZIZHIHUANGZIXIANGMENGGUHUANGDIGUISHUNLE,DANBUDEXINREN,BEIFANGZHUTAXIANG,DAOLESAJIADIFANG,XIUXIFOFA,RENQUNJIJUZAITAZHOUWEI。CISHI,MENGGUHUANGDIDEBUSUANSHIMENSHUO:JIANGYOUXIFANGSENGRENFANPAN,DUOQUHUANGWEI。HUANGDIPAIRENQUKAN,JIANXUDUOSUICONGCUYONGCIMANZIHEZUN,JIANGCIQINGXIANGHUANGDIZOUBAO,HUANGDIMINGJIANGQIZHANSHOU。FUSHACHANGSHI,TAFAYUANSHUO:WOBINGWEIXIANGFANPAN,JINGRANBEISHA,YUANWOXIAYISHIDUOCIMENGGUHUANGWEI。YOUCIYUANLI,TAZHUANSHENGWEIHANRENDAMINGHUANGDI,DUOQUMENGGUZHIHUANGWEI。YOUJUSHUOMANZIHEZUNBEISHASHI,LIUCHUDEBUSHIXUE,ERSHINAIZHI”。

       (SAN)《ZHIYUANFABAOKANTONGZONGLU》

       JIANCHENG《ZHIYUANLU》,SHIJUAN,YUANDAIXINGZHOUKAIYUANSIZHUCHISHIQINGJIXIANGDENGZHUAN。ZHIYUANNIANJIAN,YUANSHIZU“JIANXISENGJINGJIAOYUHANSENGJINGJIAOYINYUNBUTONG,YIQIYOUYI,MINGLIANGTUMINGDEDUIBIAN,YIYIWUCHA。DIYUE:‘JINIANYIZHI,JINRIJUEKAI’。”BENSHUXULUSUOSHUO:“DAYUANSHIZHU……YUSHIJIAOZONGTONGHETAISALI,ZHAOXIFANBANDIDA、DISHIBAHESIBAGAODIYELIANGUOSHI、ZHANYANGYISI、XITIANBANDIDAWEIMALUOSHILI,HANTUYIXUEKANGLIERJIANGZHU、QINGJIXIANG、JIWEIWUERZHAIYADASI,HANLINYUANCHENGZHIDANYASUN、ANZANGDENG,JIYUDADOUDAXINGJIAOSI,GEBINGFANGYAN,JINGJIABIANZHI。ZIZHIYUANERSHIERNIANYIYOUCHUNZHIERSHISINIANDINGHAIXIA,DINGZHONGSANLING,QUANCHOUNAIBI。"BENSHUDEZHUYAONEIRONGYINXIDUIKANHANWENZANGJINGHEZANGWENZANGJINGDEYITONG,SUOYITIMINGZUO"KANTONGZONGLU"。HUANGMINGXINZAI《HANZANGDAZANGJINGMULUYITONGYANJIU-“ZHIYUANFABAOKANTONGZONGLU”JIQIZANGYIBENJIANZHENG》ZHONGSHUO:BENSHUSHIYIZANGWENDAZANGJINGMULU,DUIKANHANWENJINGZANG(JIANJUANSHOUSHIJINGFUXU),FANSHIYOUHANYIBENTONGSHIYEYOUZANGYIBENDE,HENDUOJIANGFANWENYUANMINGYONGHANWENYINYIZHUZAIJINGMINGZHIXIA,ZUOZHEZAI《BANRUO》BUDEFANMINGXIAFAFANQILISHUO:“JINCIZONGLU,YUTIMUNEIJIANYOUYIERSUOYIANFANMINGZHE,ZILAISANZANGDANYIFANWENYIWEIHUAYAN,SUOYIBUCUNFANMING。JIANYOUCUNZHE,YUWUYIZHONGYIYOUJUYIERYIGUBUFANZHEYE。JINYINYUFANXIANGDUI,SUIBIFANYUNYOUWUJILU,YOUZHEZHUZHI,WUZHERENGJIU。HUOYOUDEDUI,HUOYUEFANYI,BUKEYIZHUNYE。YIXUEGAODESHANERYINZHE,QINGWUYIYI。”(JUANYI)ZHEISHIYINWEIZANGWENFANYIDEJINGDIAN,JUANSHOUDADOUBAOLIUZHEFANWENYUANMINGDEYINYIZHIGU。HANWENYUZANGWENYIBENYOUBUTONGZHICHU,ZEKANQITONGYI,JIAYIZHUMING。ZHEIXIEXIAOKAN,DUIYUYANJIUHANZANGJIAODIANSHIHENHAODEZILIAO。

       (SI)YUANDAIHUANGJIASUOJIANZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN

        CONGYUANSHIZUHUBILIEKAISHI,WEILEGENGHAODILIYUYISAJIAPAIWEISHOUDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSENGREN,YUANCHAOZAISHOUDOUDADOUKAISHILEDAGUIMODEFOSIXIUJIAN。JIEZHIYUANWENZONGSHIQI,QIZHONGYOUHUANGJIASUOJIANZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN12ZUO,EDINGSENGREN3150REN。ZHEIXIESIYUANWEIHUANGSHICHUZIXINGJIAN,DUOWEIYUANDAIZHENGFUZHONGZHANGGUANSHENYUDIANJIHENGZHUSHIDETAIXIZONGYINLIYUANGUANXIA,DIWEITESHU,DUOZAIQIZHONGSHEYOUSHENYUDIAN(YINGTANG)。SINEITONGCHANGSHEYOUGUIYUNTIDIANSUO(ZHENGSIHUOZHENGWUPIN)、GUIYUNZONGGUANFU(ZHENGSANPIN)DENGJIGOU,FUZEGAISIYUANDERICHANGJINGFEISHOUZHIHEYINGSHANZHUSHI。ZHUYAOYOU:

        DAHUGUORENWANGSI。SUCHENGDADOUSI,ZHIYUANQINIAN(1270NIAN)QIU,YOUYUANSHIZUDEHUANGHOUCHABI、YIJIZHAORUISHUNSHENGHUANGHOUFAQI,YUANSHIZUMINGZAIDOUCHENGZHIXIGAOLIANGHEPANXINGJIAN,SHIYINIAN(1274NIAN)SANYUEJIANCHENG。CHENGWEIZANGCHUANFOJIAOLUOHUBEIJINGDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。SHIZUZHIYUANSHILIUNIAN(1279NIAN)BAYUE,ZHIDAHUGUORENWANGSIZONGGUANZHI,YISANZHAERWEIDALUHUACHI,LIGUANGZUWEIZONGGUAN,SINEISHECHABIHUANGHOUSHENYUDIAN,CHENGZONGDADEWUNIAN(1301NIAN)CHILINGANFANGZHAORUISHUNSHENGHUANGHOUYURONG。JU《DAHUGUORENWANGSIHENGCHANZHIBEI》,GAISIZAIDADOUDENGCHUJIYOUSHUIDI28,600YUQING,LUDI34,400YUQING;ZAIHEJIANXIANGYANGJIANGHUAIDENGCHUJIYOUSHUIDI13,600YUQING,LUDI29,800YUQING;NEIWAIRENHUDA37,000YUHU;SIMIAODIANYUDA175JIAN,BINGYONGYOUFANGSHE2000YUJIAN。LINGWAI,HAIYOUDALIANGDESHANLIN、KUANGSHAN、SHENGCHU、HEHU、YUCHANGDENG。ZAIYUANDAI,GAISIDIWEIZHIZUN、GUIGEZHIGAO、GUIMOZHIDA、SICHANZHIFUKEJIANYIBAN。YUANDAIMEINIANERYUESHIWURIJUXINGDEYIDISHIWEIQIANDAO、SHENGJIYISHIDEYOUHUANGCHENGHUODONG,YESHISHOUXIANCONGDAHUGUORENWANGSIHUOXIZHENGUOSIKAISHI,KEJIANGAISIZAIDADOUDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOFOSHIHUODONGZHONGJUYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI。XUEZHEKAOZHENG,GAISIDEWEIZHISHIXIANJINGUOJIATUSHUGUANSUOZAIDEDIFANG。

尚品棋牌        XIZHENGUOSI。WEIYUBEIJINGBAISHIQIAOFUJINDEGAOLIANGHENAN,YEYOUZHAORUISHUNSHENGHUANGHOUSHIJIANYUZHIYUANQINIAN(1270NIAN)QIYUE,YUDAHUGUORENWANGSIYIQISHIBEIJINGZUIZAOJIANZAODEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN。QISIMING“ZHENGUOSI”ZHILAI,YIYUCISIHOULAIGONGFENGHUBILIEYUZUOSHANGDEDABAISANGAIYOUGUAN,YUANSIMINGYINGWEI“GONGDESI”HUO“GONGDEZHISI”。YUDAHUGUORENWANGSIYIYANG,XIZHENGUOSIYESHIZHUMINGDEYOUHUANGCHENGHUODONGDEKAISHIDIDIANZHIYI。YUANSHIJIZAISHUO,XIANERRIYUXIZHENGUOSIYINGTAIZIYOUSIMEN。SHENGGAOSUXIANG。JUYIZHANGRUCHENG。CIWAI,YUANCHAOGONGTINGMEINIANSUIMODOUZAIXIZHENGUOSIJUXINGMENGGUZU“SHECAOGOU”DERANGZAIHUODONG,ZHIYOUHUANGZUYUDAGUANSHIJIAFANGKECANYU。GAISIDEWEIZHIZAIJINBEIJINGDONGWUYUANDAOSHOUDOUTIYUGUANYIDAI。

       DASHENGSHOUWANANSI。MINGDAICHENGMIAOYINGSI,SUCHENGXISIBAITASI。JU《YUANSHI》,DASHENGSHOUWANANSIXIUJIANYUZHIYUANSHILIUNIAN(1279),ZHIYUANERSHIWUNIAN(1288)WANGONG。YUANSHIZUBUJINQINZISHENDINGLESIYUANDESIJIE,ERQIEHAILINGZHONGWEIJUNWEIQIFAMUGONGLIAO。YUANDAIDASHENGSHOUWANANSIDIYIDAIZHUCHIMINGJIAOZHIJIAN,TASHIZAIWANANSIJIANCHENGHOUYOUHUBILIEQINZIXIAZHAORENMINGDE。GAISIBAITASHIJIASHELILINGTONGZHITAYOUANIGEHEYUANCHAODISHIYILIANZHENDENGRENZHUCHIXIUJIAN。DASHENGSHOUWANANSIDANGSHIDEJIANZHUSHIFENJINGMEI,FULITANGHUANG,“FOXIANGJICHUANGBIJIEJINSHIZHI,FANFEIJINWUBAISISHILIANGYOUQI,SHUIYINERBAISISHIJIN。”SHIYIZUOJUYOUJUYOUQIANGLIENIBOER、YINDUYISHUFENGGEDEZANGSHIFOTAYUYUANDAIGONGTINGJIANZHUXIANGJIEHEDEDAXINGJIANZHUQUN。CHENGZONGSHI,ZHISHIZUYINGTANGYU(GAISI)DIANZHIXI,YUZONGYINGTANGYUDIANZHIDONG,YUEQIANDACHENZHIJI。RENZONGSHIQIYOUWEIWUJIANDIAN、SIZUOBAJIAOLOUSUZAOLE140ZUNDAXIAOFOXIANG。DASHENGSHOUWANANSIJIANCHENGZHIHOU,XIANGJIZAISIZHONGZHANKAILEYIXILIEZHONGYAODEFOSHIHUODONG。ZHIZHENGERSHIBANIAN(1368)GAISIYINLEIJIQIHUOBEIHUI,JINCUNDABAITAHEDONGXIYINGTANG。MINGJINGTAIBANIAN(1457)GAISIBEIGAIWEIMIAOYINGSIHOU,GAITAYOUBEICHENGZHIWEIMIAOYINGSIBAITA。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往11.jpg(白塔寺之白塔)

尚品棋牌       DAXINGJIAOSI。WEIYUJINSHUIHEPANGFUCAIFANGSHUNCHENGMENNEIJIEXI,JIJINXIDANBEIDAJIELUXIFUJIN,YOUYUANSHIZUZHIYUANERSHINIAN(1283NIAN)CHIJIAN,YESHIYUANDAIBEIJINGZUIZAOJIANZAODEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUANZHIYI。SINEIYINJIANYOUCHENGJISIHANSHENYUDIANHEDISHIBASIBADIANERWENMING,CHENGJISIHANSHIMENGGUDIGUOHEDAYUANJIYEDEKAICHUANGZHE,BASIBASHIYUANCHAODIYIWEIDISHI,JIANYOUCHENGJISIHANSHENYUDIANHEDISHIBASIBADIAN,SHUOMINGLEGAISIZAIYUANCHAOZHENGFUZHONGDEZUNGUIDIWEI。TONGSHIGAISIJUBANDEFOSHIHUODONGBEIRENWEISHIYUANDAIZHUSIZHIGUAN。GAISITONGSHIHAISHIYUANDAIZHONGYAODEYIJINGCHANGSUO,ZHUMINGDE《ZHIYUANFABAOKANTONGZONGLU》JIZAIGAISIDUIKANWANCHENGDE。GAISIYICENGWEIYUANDAI“BAIGUANXIYIZHISUO”。JU《YUANSHI》JIZAI,YUANDAIJUXINGGEZHONGCHAOHELIYI,“QIANQISANRI,XIYIYUSHENGSHOUWANANSIHUODAXINGJIAOSI”。CHENGZONGDADEWUNIAN(1301NIAN)ERYUECIJIDAXINGJIAOSIDIWANMU(BAIQING)。

       DACHENGHUAPUQINGSI。YOUMINGDAPUQINGSI,WEIYUYUANDADOUTAIPINGFANGSHUNCHENGMENNEIJIEXI,JIJINXICHENGQUXINJIEKOUNANDAJIEBAOCHANHUTONGLUBEI,YUANDADESINIAN(1300NIAN)CHENGZONGWEIBAODAMUQINHUIRENYUSHENGHUANGTAIHOUDEENDECHILINGSHIJIAN,WUZONGZHIDAYUANNIAN(1308NIAN),HUANGTAIZIAIYULIBALIBADA(JIHOULAIDERENZONGHUANGDI)XIALINGKUOJIAN。GAISIYIGUIMOHONGDAZHUCHENG,SHIYUANDAIGUIMOZUIDADEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUANZHIYI。ANYAOSUIDE《PUQINGSIBEI》,QIJIANZHUBUJUFANGZHAODASHENGSHOUWANANSIERCHENG,ZHISHIGUIMOBIDASHENGSHOUWANANSIXIAO。ZHIDAYUANNIAN(1308NIAN)SHELIDACHENGHUAPUQINGSIZONGGUANFU,JUTIGUANLISIYUANSHIWU。ZHIZHIYUANNIAN(1321NIAN)ERYUE,GAISIZHIRENZONGSHENYUDIAN。TAIDINGYUANNIAN(1324NIAN)SIYUE,ZHIZHAOSHENGHUANGHOUYURONGDIAN。TONGNIANBAYUE,QIANHANLINXUESHICHENGZHIEQIERSITAIZUCHENGJISIHAN、TAIZONGWOKUOTAI、RUIZONGTUOLEIYURONGYUGAISI。MINGCHENGHUALIUNIAN(1470NIAN)ZAIQIYUANZHISHANGFUJIANSIYUAN,GENGMINGBAOSHANSI,SHIWEIHANCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN。

        DATIANSHOUWANNINGSI。WEIYUYUANDADOUJINTAIFANGZHONGXINGEFUJIAN,JIJINBEIJINGGULOUDONGCECAOCHANGHUTONG,YOUYUANCHENGZONGJIANYUDADEJIUNIAN(1305NIAN)ERYUE。BEIJINGZHONGLOUJISHIZAIGAISIZHONGXINGEDEWEIZHISHANGJIANZAODE,YINCIGAISIYICENGJINGSHIYUANDADOUNANBEIZHONGZHOUXIANDECHENGSHIBIAOZHIERWENMING。GAISISHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN,“ZHONGSUMIMIFOXIANG”,JIZANGCHUANFOJIAOMIZONGFOXIANG,YOUYUZHENGNINGKONGBU,CHENGZONGDEHUANGHOUBUERHANKANDAOZHEIGEFOXIANGHOUXINSHENGKONGJU,CHUANZHIJIANGQITOUBUYONGSHOUPAMENGQI,BUJIUYOUXIALINGJIANGQIHUIHUAI。ZHONGXINGESHIWANNINGSINEIDEZHONGYAOJIANZHU,SHIYUANCHENGZONGDESHENYUDIAN。TAIDINGSINIAN(1327NIAN)WUYUE,TAIDINGDICHILINGZAIWANNINGSIZHONGXINGEJIANZAOGONGFENGCHENGZONGYURONGDESHENYUDIAN,CHENGWANSHOUDIAN。CONGCIZHEILICHENGWEIJISICHENGZONGDEDIFANG。

       DACHONGENFUYUANSI。YECHENGNANZHENGUOSI,WEIYUDADOUCHENGNAN,DIJINLIANGSHUIHE。YUANDAZHIYUANNIAN(1308NIAN)YOUWUZONGCHILINGSHIJIAN,HUANGQINGYUANNIAN(1312NIAN)LUOCHENG。GAISISHIANFANGWUZONGYURONGDECHANGSUO,YESHIYUANSHIDAOHUANGJIAYUYUAN“XIAMAFEIFANGBO”YULIESHIDEXIUXIZHIDI。SIYUANYIZHONGYANGDADIANWEIZHONGXIN,ZAIQIDONG、XI、NAN、BEIGEYOUYIZUOFODIAN。ZHONGYANGDADIANNEISUSANSHIFO。ZHONGYANGDADIANBEICEDEHOUDIANNEISUWUZUNJINFO,KENENGSHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOSUOCHONGSHANGDEWUFANGFO。SIYUANSIZHOULANGWUNEIGONGFENG“ZHUTIANSHENXIANG,BIANXIANGGUIXING”,YINGGAISHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUANNEIDEHUFASHENDIAN,NEIGONGMIZONGHUFASHEN。YUANWUZONGZHIDAYUANNIAN(1308NIAN),JIANLINANZHENGUOSIGUIYUNTIDIANSUO,SHUTAIXIZONGYINYUAN,ZHANGNANZHENGUOSICAICHAN。

        DANENGRENSI。YOUCHENG“NENGRENSI”,WEIYUBEIJINGNENGRENSIHUTONG,JIJINXICHENGQUXISINANDAJIEBINGMASIHUTONGXIDUANLUBEI。JU《YUANSHI》,PUJUEYUANMINGGUANGZHAOSANZANGFASHI,MINGBILANNASHILI,DADELIUNIAN(1302NIAN),FENGZHICONGDISHISHOUJIEYUGUANGHANDIAN,DAIDICHUJIA。HUANGQINGZHONG,MINGFANYIZHUFANJINGDIAN。ZHISHUNSANNIAN(1331NIAN),CIYUYIN,JIAHAOPUJUEYUANMINGGUANGZHAOHONGBIANSANZANGGUOSHI。TAFANYILEHANWENDE《LENGYANJING》,FANWENDE《DACHENGZHUANGYANBAODUJING》、《QIANTUOBANRUOJING》、《DANIEPANJING》、《CHENGZANDACHENGGONGDEJING》HEZANGWENDE《BUSIYISHANGUANJING》DENG,JIEXINGYUSHI。MINGDAIDAGUOSHIZHIGUANGSUXINGWANG,SHANDONGQINGYUNREN,SHAONIANCHUJIA,CENGCHUSHIYINDUHENIBOERDENGGUO。MINGCHENGZUSHISHOUYU“GUOSHI”HOU,HOUSHOUCI“DATONGFAWANG”。HONGXIYUANNIAN(1425NIAN)ZHIXUANDESANNIAN(1428NIAN)JUDANENGRENSISINIAN。CHENGHUASANNIAN(1467NIAN)FENGZANGCHUANFOJIAOGAOSENGZHABAJIANZANCANWEIDAWUFAWANG,ZHUXIBEIJINGDANENGRENSI。

尚品棋牌       DATIANYUANYANSHENGSI。ZUIZAOCHENG“LUSHISI”,JIANYUSUIRENSHOUNIANJIAN(601-604NIAN),TANGTIANBAOBANIAN(749NIAN)ZHONGXIU。YUANTAIDINGSANNIAN(1326NIAN),ZHONGXIUZHENYINGSIBINGYUGAISINEIJIANXIANZONGSHENYUDIAN,“CIEYUEDATIANYUANYANSHENGSI”。YUANSHIJIZAI,“TAIDINGSANNIAN(1326NIAN)ERYUE,JIANXIANZONGSHENYUDIANYULUSHISI,CIEYUEDATIANYUANYANSHENGSI,CHIZHUJINSHUXIFANZIZANGJING。BAYUE,TIANYUANYANSHENGSISHENYUDIANCHENG,SHIYUE,ANFENGXIANZONGYURONGYUDATIANYUANYANSHENGSI,CICHAOERWANDING。TONGSHICIJIAN、LINJIANGERLUTIANQIANQING。SINIAN(1327NIAN)SHIYUE,MINGDISHIZUOFOSHIYUDATIANYUANYANSHENGSI。”《YUANDAIHUASUJI》DUIGAISISIYUANBUJUHEQIZHONGGONGFENGDEFOXIANGJINXINGLEXIANGXIJIZAI,CONGSIQIANLITONGFANGANYIDUI,SINEIGONGFENGWUFANGFOHEMAHAGELADENGZANGCHUANFOJIAOSHENLINGKEZHI,DATIANYUANYANSHENGSIZAIYUANDAIWEIHUANGJIAZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN。MINGXUANDEZHONG(1426-1435NIAN)YUEDAYUANTONGSI,ZHENGTONGSHIYINIAN(1446)GENGMINGQINGLIANGSI。

       DACHENGTIANHUSHENGSI。SUCHENGXIHUSI,MINGQINGSHICHENGGONGDESI,WEIYUYUANDADOUXIJIAOXIHUFUJIN,DIJINJINSHANKOU,JIJINYIHEYUANKUNMINGHUXIBEIAN,QINGLONGQIAOXI。YUANWENZONGCHIJIANYUTIANLIERNIAN(1329NIAN),ZHISHUNSANNIAN(1332NIAN)JIANCHENG,YINWEIYUXIHUZHIPAN,SUCHENGXIHUSI。YUANDAIGAISISHIGONGFENGYUANWENZONGTUTIEMUERJIQIMUQINTAIHUANGTAIHOUYURONGDECHANGSUO,YIGUIMOJUDA、GUIMOHUIHONGJIZUOWEIYUANCHAOHUANGDIYOUXINGCHUIDIAOCHUERWENMING。ZHISHUNSANNIAN(1332NIAN)DACHENGTIANHUSHENGSIGONGCHENGJUNGONG,ZHAOWUTAISHANWANSHENGSISHIJIAHUIYINTECIRONGLUDAFUSITUZHUJIAOYUSI。MINGXUANDEERNIAN(1427NIAN)ZHONGXIUHOUGAIMINGGONGDESI。GONGDESISHIMINGQINGSHIQIBEIJINGZHUMINGDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUAN,QINGDAIGAISISHIZHISHULIFANYUANGUANLIDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSIYUANZHIYI。

       BAOJISI。WEIYUNANCHENGPIYUNLOUDUIXIANGZHIDONG,ER《JINGSHIFANGXIANGZHIGAO》ZESHUO,PIYUNLOUDANGZAIJINYOUANMENNEI。GAISIBENWEIHANCHUANFOJIAOHUAYANZONGZHUMINGDAOCHANG,YUANDAIWEIBEIJINGZHUMINGDASIZHIYI,CHENGWEIYUANCHAOZHENGFUZHIDINGDESHUXIEZANGWENDAZANGJINGDECHANGSUO,GENJU《YUANSHI》JIZAI,ZHIZHIYUANNIAN(1321NIAN)SANYUEYIYOU,BAOJISIJINSHUXIFAN《BORUOJING》CHENG,ZHIDANEIXIANGDIAN。BAOJISIHAICENGBAOCUNYOUZHUMINGDEDAZANGJING《ZHAOCHENGZANG》,JI《ZHAOCHENGJINZANG》。GAIZANGXIJINDAIMINJIANJUANMU,ZAISHANXIJIEZHOU(ZHISUOZAIJINSHANXIYUNCHENGXINAN)TIANNINGSIKECHENG。JINMOYUANCHU,《ZHAOCHENGZANG》BUFENJINGBANHUIYUBINGHUO。YUEZAIYUANTAIZONGWOKUOTAIBANIAN(1236NIAN),YELVCHUCAIZHUCHIYIBANGUANBANSIDEMINGYIFADONGQISUOXIAGUANYUANXIEZHUBINGZAIMINJIANQUANMU,TONGSHIZHAOJIGEDISIYUANHUIKEZIDESENGRENDAOHONGFASIBUDIAOQUESUNJINGBAN。BUDIAOHOUDEJINGBANJIBENSHANGHUIFULE《ZHAOCHENGZANG》JIUKEDENEIRONG;YINWEIBAOJISIYUZANGCHUANFOJIAOSAJIAPAIYOUMIQIEGUANXI,YUANCHU,BAOJISIBEN《ZHAOCHENGJINZANG》CHUANDAOLEXIZANGSAJIASI,SHANGGESHIJIBASHINIANDAIZAISAJIASIFAXIAN《ZHAOCHENGJINZANG》DEJINGYE。

       DACIENSI。ZUIZAOCHENG“DAQINGSHOUSI”、“QINGSHOUSI”,SUCHENG“SHUANGTASI”,YOUCHENG“SHUANGTAQINGSHOUSI”、“DAXINGLONGSI”,WEIYUXIZHANGANJIESHANGJINDIANBAODALOUXI。GAISICHUANGJIANYUJINZHANGZONGDADINGERSHILIUNIAN(1165NIAN),CHENG“DAQINGSHOUSI”。YUANSHIZUZHIYUANSINIAN(1267NIAN)XINJIANERZHUANTA,GUYOUCHENGSHUANGTASI。ZAIYUANDAI,QINGSHOUSISHIYIZUOHANZANGRONGHEDEFOJIAOSIYUAN:GAI“SIWEIYUHUANGZHULIZHISUO”,DADEJIUNIAN(1305),YUANCHENGZONGSHIJINGYIZANG,SINEIYESHEYOUSHENYUDIAN。YUANDAIZHUMINGDEZANGCHUANFOJIAOSENGRENSHALUOBAHEDAYIBADENGRENCENGSHOUMINGZAICIXIJUCHUANFA。QIZHONGSHALUOBA1314NIANYUANJIYUQINGSHOUSI。ZAIMINGDAI,QINGSHOUSIGENGMINGWEIDACIENSI,WEIZANGCHUANFOJIAOGAOSENGYUNJIZHIDI,MINGFENGDAYINGFAWANGZHASHIBA、DAJIFAWANGLINGZHANZHUHEDAWUFAWANGSHELAZHADENGZANGCHUANFOJIAOGAOSENGZAICIXIJUCHUANFA。

汉藏佛教文化的历史交往12.jpg(讲座实拍)

       作者简介

       CHENQINGYING,ZHONGGUOZANGXUEYANJIUZHONGXINYANJIUYUAN,XIANHOUDANRENGUOQINGHAISHENGSHEHUIKEXUEYUANZANGXUEYANJIUSUOSUOZHANG、ZHONGGUOZANGXUEYANJIUZHONGXINLISHIYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGDENGXINGZHENGZHIWU,BINGRENZHONGYANGMINZUDAXUE、XINANMINZUDAXUEMINZUBOSHISHENGDAOSHI、TAIWANZHENGZHIDAXUEKEZUOJIAOSHOU。TAJINGTONGZANGWEN,YISHENGZHILIYUWOGUOZANGXUESHIYEDEFAZHAN,ZAIZANGXUEYANJIUFANGMIANYOUFENGSHUODECHENGGUO。

尚品棋牌      GONGGAO:SHANGHAISHIFANDAXUEZONGJIAOXUEDIAN BIANJI:WANGGUANXIN(SHEHUIXUEYANJIUSHENG)