——夏河丹尼索瓦人研究入选《科学》杂志“2019年十大科学突破”

00000.jpg       核心阅读

       DANNISUOWARENSHIYIMIEJUEDEGURENLEIZHONGQUN。GUANYUZHEIGESHENMIDE“QUANXIN”RENZHONG,GEGUODEKEXUEJIAHEKAOGUXUEJIAYIZHIZAINULIJIEMI。ZHONGGUOKEXUEJIADEYANJIUCHENGGUO,ZHENGSHILEQINGZANGGAOYUANYICHUDONGXUENEIFAXIANDERENLEIXIAHEGUHUASHISHUYUDANNISUOWAREN,JIANGQINGZANGGAOYUANSHANGDERENLEIHUODONGLISHIYOUCONGQIANDE3WAN—4WANNIANQIAN,TIQIANZHIJUJIN16WANNIAN。ZHEIGEFAXIANSHUAXINLERENMENDUIQINGZANGGAOYUANZUIZAORENLEIHUODONGLISHIHESHIQIANRENLEIGAOHAIBAHUANJINGSHIYINGDERENSHI,GENGWEIRENLEIYANHUASHIPINTUBUSHANGLEGUANJIANYIKUAI。

       RIQIAN,MEIGUO《KEXUE》ZAZHIGONGBULEQIPINGXUANDE2019NIANSHIDAKEXUETUPO,YOUZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANQINGZANGGAOYUANYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANCHENFAHUYUANSHIHELANZHOUDAXUEZHANGDONGJUFUJIAOSHOULINGXIANDEXIAHEDANNISUOWARENYANJIUCHENGGUORUXUAN。ZAICIZHIQIAN,GAICHENGGUOHAICENGXIANGJIRUXUANMEIGUO《KAOGUXUE》ZAZHIPINGXUANDE2019NIANDUSHIJIESHIDAKAOGUFAXIAN、《KEXUEXINWEN》ZAZHIPINGXUANDE2019NIANDUSHIDAKEXUEXINWEN。

尚品棋牌       XIAHEDANNISUOWARENSHIRUHEBEIFAXIANDE?TADEFAXIANYOUHEZHONGYAOYIYI?

       发现神秘人种的重要线索

尚品棋牌       BINGHESHIDAI,CENGYOUYIGESHENMIDERENLEIZHONGQUNYUWOMENDEZUXIANGONGTONGSHENGHUOZAIZHEIGESHIJIESHANG。

       2008NIAN,ZAIELUOSIXIBOLIYANANBUAERTAISHANMAIDEYIGEMINGJIAO“DANNISUOWA”DESHANDONGLI,RENMENSHOUCIFAXIANLETAMENDE“ZONGJI”——YIJIEZHIGUHUASHIHELIANGKEYACHIHUASHI。

       LIANGNIANHOU,KEYANRENYUANCONGZHEIJIEZHIGUHUASHIZHONGTIQUDAOLEGUDNA,FENXIYANJIUHOUFAXIANZHEIXIEHUASHILAIZI4WANNIANQIAN,ZHURENSHIYIGE5—7SUIDEXIAONVHAI。ZUITEBIEDESHI,TABUTONGYUCIQIANFAXIANDEZAOQIXIANDAIREN、NIANDETERENYIJIFULUOLESIREN,SHUYUYIGE“QUANXIN”RENZHONG。YUSHI,YIJUFAXIANDIDEDIMING,JIANGQIMINGMINGWEI“DANNISUOWAREN”。

        SUIHOU,TONGGUODNAJIANCEHEBIDUI,KEYANRENYUANFAXIANDANNISUOWARENDEJIYINGUANGFANSANBUZAIXIANDAIYAZHOUREN、AODALIYATUZHURENQUNHEDAYANGZHOUDEMEILANIXIYARENQUNZHONG。“YOUQISHIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHANGDEZANGZURENQUNHEXIAERBARENQUN,DANNISUOWARENKENENGJITAMENGONGXIANLEYIZHONGMINGWEIEPAS1DEBIANYIDENGWEIJIYIN。ZHEIYIDENGWEIJIYINWEIQITIGONGLESHIYINGGAOHAIBAQUEYANGHUANJINGDENENGLI。”CHENFAHUSHUO。

       FAXIANDANNISUOWARENDEXIBOLIYADANNISUOWADONGHAIBABINGBUGAO,JINYOU700MI,WEIHEDANNISUOWARENHUASHILINENGJIANCEDAOZHEIZHONGSHIYINGGAOYUANQUEYANGDEEPAS1JIYIN?ERQIE,CHULEZHEIGESHANDONGZHIWAI,CIQIANZAIQITADIFANGWEICENGFAXIANGUORENHEDANNISUOWARENDECUNZAIZONGJI。

尚品棋牌       GEGUODEKEXUEJIAHEKAOGUXUEJIAMENYIZHIZAIXUNZHAODAAN。

尚品棋牌       2019NIAN5YUE,ZHEIYIMITIYOULEBEIJIEKAIDEXIWANG。CHENFAHU、ZHANGDONGJUTUANDUICONGLAIZIGANSUSHENGXIAHEXIANBAISHIYARONGDONGZHONGDEYIKUAIGURENLEIXIAHEGUHUASHISHANGZHAODAOLEXINXIANSUO。ZHEIKUAIGURENLEIYOUCEXIAHEGUHUASHI,ZHANGYUE12LIMI,BAOKUODIYIHEDIERJIUCHILIANGKEWANZHENGYACHI。TONGGUODUIHUASHIJINXINGCENIAN、TIZHIXINGTAIHEGUDANBAIZHIDENGFENXI,YANJIURENYUANQUEDINGQIWEIDANNISUOWARENHUOQIJINQINZHONG,SHIYIGEQINGSHAONIANGETI。

尚品棋牌         CHENFAHUSHUO:“BAISHIYARONGDONGHAIBA3280MI。ZHIYOUZHANGSHIJIANSHENGHUOZAIGAOHAIBADIQU,CAIKENENGXUANZECHUNAIDIYANGJIYIN。DANNISUOWARENKENENGZUIZAOSHENGHUOZAIBAOKUOQINGZANGGAOYUANYINEIDEGUANGDADONGYADIQU,ZAIXIANGQINGZANGGAOYUANKUOSANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUODELESHIYINGGAOHANQUEYANGDEJIYIN,RANHOUCHUANJILEXIANZAIDEZANGZURENQUNHEXIAERBARENQUN。”

尚品棋牌        DANGRAN,SHANGSHUJIELUNMUQIANHAIZHISHIZAIQIANQIKEXUEYANJIUDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGDELUOJITUILI,WEIDEDAOJINYIBUKAOGUXUEDEYANZHENG。“ZHEIYESHIWOMENJIEXIALAIYAOZUODEGONGZUOZHIYI,JIUSHIZONGHEYUNYONGHUANJINGKAOGUXUEHEYICHUANXUEDENGDUOXUEKEYANJIULAIZHUIZONGEPAS1JIYINDELAIYUAN。”CHENFAHUSHUO。

        判断验证古老化石的种属

尚品棋牌        CICIFAXIANDEXIAHEDANNISUOWARENHUASHI,ZUIZAO“XIANSHEN”HAIYAOZHUISUDAO1980NIAN。

尚品棋牌        NEINIAN,YOURENZAIGANSUXIAHEGANJIAXIANGDEBAISHIYARONGDONGLIYIWAIFAXIANLEYIKUAIRENGU,JIJINGZHANZHUAN,ZHEIKUAIHUASHIBEIJIAODAOLEYUANZHONGKEYUANHANQUHANQUHUANJINGYUGONGCHENGYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANDONGGUANGRONGSHOUSHANG。DONGGUANGRONGYUANBENJIHUAYUDANGSHIHAIZAILANZHOUDAXUERENJIAODECHENFAHUYIQISHANGLIANGRUHEZHANKAIJINYIBUYANJIU,HOULAIGEZHILE。ZHIDAO2010NIAN,ZHENDUIHUASHIDEYANJIUGONGZUOCAIDEYIZHENGSHIQIDONG。

        “GUANGYOUHUASHISHIBUGOUDE,WOMENYAODUIHUASHICHUTUDEJUTICENGWEI、DIDIANHEQUYUJINXINGSHENRUYANJIU,CAINENGHUODEHUASHISUODAIBIAODEGURENLEIGENGZHUNQUEDESHIKONGSHENGCUNXINXI。”CHENFAHUSHUO。YINWEIFAXIANNIANDAIJIUYUAN,GAIHUASHIZAIBAISHIYARONGDONGDEJUTICHUTUDIDIANHECENGWEIXINXIBUDEERZHI,GUANYUHUASHIFAXIANDIDEXINXIJINLAIZIYUFAXIANRENSUOSHU。GUOQU10NIAN,YANJIUTUANDUIKAOCHALEGANJIAPENDIDE20DUOGEDONGXUE,ZUIZHONGQUEDINGLEBAISHIYARONGDONGWEIHUASHICHUTUDIDIAN。

        “YOUYUGAIHUASHIBINGFEIZHENGSHIFAJUECHUTU,ERQIEFAXIANSHIJIANJIUYUAN,JINGUANCHUTUDIDIANQUEDING,DANRENGWUFAHUODEQIMAIZANGDICENGXINXI,HENNANJINXINGNIANDAICEDING。”ZHANGDONGJUSHUO。QINGXINGDESHI,HUASHIWAIBAOGUOZHEYICENGTANSUANYAN。YANJIURENYUANDUIQIJINXINGLEYOUXICENIAN,JIEGUOXIANSHIGAIHUASHIXINGCHENGYUZHISHAOJUJIN16WANNIANQIAN。

尚品棋牌        SHIJIANQUEDINGHOU,RUGUOZAINENGGOUCONGHUASHIZHONGTIQUCHUYOUXIAODEDNA,JIUKEYICONGFENZICENGMIANZUOCHUZHUNQUEPANDUAN,QUEDINGZHEIKUAIXIAHEGUDEZHURENSHISHEI。YIHANDESHI,YANJIURENYUANZUIZHONGWEINENGCONGYANGBENZHONGTIQUCHUGUDNALAI。

尚品棋牌        ZHANGDONGJUJIESHISHUO:“ZAISHENGWUSIWANGGUOCHENGZHONG,XIBAOHUIZHUJIANFASHENGZIRONG。ZAIGAOWENHECHAOSHIDETIAOJIANXIA,DNAYERONGYIFASHENGSHUIJIE、DUANLIE。CIWAI,XUDUOWEISHENGWUYEHUIWURANTUNSHIDNA。JISHIZAILIXIANGDEHANLENGHUANJINGXIA,NENGLIUCUNXIALAIDEGUDNAYEBUHUICHAOGUO100WANNIAN。”

        WEIJINYIBUQUEDINGHUASHIZHONGSHU,YANJIUTUANDUILIYONGLEGUDANBAIZHIFENXI。“RENTIZHONGDANBAIZHIDEANJISUANXULIEJIQIJIEGOUTONGYANGJILUZHERENLEIYICHUANXINXI,SUIRANQIFENBIANLVBIDNAXIAODEDUO,DANQIBAOCUNSHIJIANWANGWANGBIDNAGENGZHANG,YINCIDUIYUPANDUANSHIJIANJIAOZHANGHUOCHUTUYUSHIREHUANJINGDEGULAOHUASHIZHONGSHUFEICHANGYOUXIAO。”ZHANGDONGJUSHUO。

尚品棋牌        HENXINGYUN,ZHEICIYANJIURENYUANZAIHUASHIZHONGFAXIANLEDANNISUOWARENTEYOUDEDANBAIZHI。TONGGUOGUDANBAIZHIFENXI,YANJIURENYUANZUIZHONGFAXIANGAIHUASHIZAIYICHUANXUESHANGYUAERTAISHANDIQUDANNISUOWADONGDEDANNISUOWARENQINYUANGUANXIZUIJIN,KEYIQUEDINGWEIQINGZANGGAOYUANDEDANNISUOWAREN,CHENGWEIXIAHEDANNISUOWAREN。

        补上人类演化史拼图的关键一块

尚品棋牌        RENLEIHESHIDENGSHANGQINGZANGGAOYUANHERUHESHIYINGGAOYUANHUANJING,YIZHISHIGURENLEIXUEJIEHEQINGZANGGAOYUANKEXUEKAOCHADEZHONGDIAN。

        CIQIAN,KAOGUXUEJIARENWEIQINGZANGGAOYUANYOUMINGQUEJILUDERENLEIYIZHIZUIZAOYEJIUDAO1.5WANNIANQIAN。2018NIANDI,ZHONGKEYUANGUJIZHUIDONGWUYUGURENLEIYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANGAOXINGHEFUYANJIUYUANZHANGXIAOLINGZAINIADIYIZHI(HAIBA4600MI)DEXINFAXIANJIANGRENLEIDENGSHANGQINGZANGGAOYUANDELISHITUIZHI3WAN—4WANNIANQIAN。

        CHENFAHUSHUO:“XIAHEDANNISUOWARENXIAHEGUHUASHIDEFAXIANJIANGQINGZANGGAOYUANSHANGDERENLEIHUODONGLISHITIQIANZHIJUJIN16WANNIAN,XIANGQIANTUIJINLE12WANNIAN,SHUAXINLERENMENDUIQINGZANGGAOYUANZUIZAORENLEIHUODONGLISHIHESHIQIANRENLEIGAOHAIBAHUANJINGSHIYINGDERENSHI,GENGZAIRENLEIYANHUASHI‘PINTU’ZHONGPINSHANGLEGUANJIANDEYIKUAI。”

尚品棋牌        SUIRANXINFAXIANDEHUASHIJINBAOCUNLEXIAHEGUYOUCE,DANYISHIMUQIANFAXIANDETIJIZUIDADEDANNISUOWARENHUASHI,WEIDANNISUOWARENTIZHIXINGTAIYANJIUTIGONGLEZHONGYAOZHENGJU。

        “XIAHEGUDEXINGTAIBIAOXIANCHUYIXIEGULAOXING,GENGJIEJINZHONGGENGXINSHIDEHUASHIRENLEI,QIXIAHEGUCUZHUANG,DIHOU,YOUQISHIQUESHAOXIABAKE。”CHENFAHUSHUO:“TONGGUOXIAHEGUJIHEXINGTAICELIANG,WOMENYEFAXIANLEYIXIEYUANSHIXING,BAOKUOBIANYIZAIZHONGGENGXINSHIHUASHIRENLEIFANWEINEI,ERZAIZHILIRENBIANYIFANWEIDEBIANYUAN,GENGJIEJINZHONGGUOLANTIANREN、ZHOUKOUDIANREN。DANXIANGFANDESHI,CONGYACHIPAILIEDEXINGTAILAIKAN,YUZHILIRENYOUSUOCHABIE,BUXIANGZHILIRENNEIMEZHANG,ERGENGJIEJINYUZHONGGENGXINSHINIANDETERENHEXIANDAIZHIRENDEYIXIEBIAOBEN。”

尚品棋牌         TUANDUIYANJIURENYUANTOULU,JIEXIALAIHAIJIANGDUIDANNISUOWADONGDANNISUOWARENHEXIAHEDANNISUOWARENDEJIAOLIU、QIANYI、KUOSANWENTI,XIAHEDANNISUOWARENDEYICHUANTEZHENG、TIZHIXINGTAITEZHENGJIWENHUATEZHENG,XIAHEDANNISUOWARENZAIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHANGDESHIKONGFENBU、YUDONGYAQITAGURENLEIYIJIXIANDAIRENDEGUANXIDENGWENTI,KAIZHANJINYIBUYANJIUGONGZUO。